Tuesday, October 23, 2007

speed up computer clean ram

Clean your RAM by notepad!!!
Clean RAM & Make Your Comp Speed Better...All credit goes to sid for sharing this trick with us.....

You may recognize that ur system gets slower and slower when playing and working a lot with ur pc. That's cause ur RAM is full of remaining progress pieces u do not need any more.

So create a new text file on ur desktop and call it .. "RAMcleaner" or something...

1. Open NotePad
2. write FreeMem=Space(64000000)
3. Save it with RAMcleaner.vbs (You may choose the "All Files" option when u save it).
4. Just press double click the file and you done it.

Note: Don't wait for any perticular program. By double clicking you found a flash on your screen and that's it. And you feel that your speed is incerased....

aol hacking tools

This is for educational purpose. Here i m posting the latest Ultra Hacker toolkit AIO tools....
Check them out....
all of these tools are tested......
below is the list of tools and below that is the download link :

95-ME Keygen.rar
AOL new.rar
Astaroth Joiner v2.rar
Cable Modem Sniffer.rar
CGI Founder v1.043.zip
DDL Sites.rar
E-mail Cracker.rar
F.B.I - Binder.rar
FTP Brute Forcer.rar
f*ck Mail Bomber 2.3.rar
Hack FLASH Template.zip
Hack MY Space.zip
Hack Photoshop CS2.zip
Hook Tool Box.rar
Hotmail Email Hacker.rar
Hotmail HAcker Gold.rar
Hotmail ScamPage.zip
Key Changer.rar
Legion NetBios Scanner v2.1.zip
Mail Boomb_2.0 YAHOO.zip
MooreR Port Scanner.rar
MSN Flooder 2.0.rar
MSN Messenger Account Cracker v2.0.rar
NET BIOS Scaner.rar
NetBIOS Name Scanner.rar
NFO Maker 1.0.zip
On-Off MSN.rar
OS Update Hack.rar
P0kes WormGen 2.0.zip
Php Nuke Hacker v11.0.rar
phpBB Annihilator.rar
phpbb attack.rar
phpbb bruteforcer.rar
PhpBB pass extractor.zip

Ping & Nukes.rar
Port Listener XP.rar
Pure phpBB Email harvester.rar
rainbowcrack-1.2-src win-lin.zip
Remote Shut Down.rar
Server 2003 Keygen.rar
Server Killer.rar
Source Checker.rar
source codes.rar
SQLScan v1.0.rar
Stealth - HTTP Scanner v1.0 build 23.zip
TinaSoft KILL.zip
UC.Forum Spam.rar
Ultra Dos.zip
Visa Spam.zip
Warez Sites.rar
Web Cracker 2.0.rar
WebCracker 4.0.rar
Win XP Activator.rar
Windows XP Corperate Keygen.rar
Windows XP KeyGen.rar
Windows XP Product Key Changer.rar
Windows XP Product Key Checker.rar
Windows XP Product Key Viewer.rar
Yahoo Password.zip
Download Link :- http://rapidshare.com/files/35731205/Ultra_Hack_AIO__By_St0l3n_.rar
Mirror :- http://www.sendspace.com/file/fk433s

Manually Removing PC Viruses!

Have you ever been in the possition that you know you have an virus but you dont have any antivirus?? Its almost impossible to remove it manual without knowing about a few tips & tricks.
After reading this turtorial im sure you will know how to manual remove most of the virus lurking around. But that dosnt mean you shouldnt have any anti virus on you computer!
Anyway, lets get starting with the turtorial.. I suppose you already know what safe mode is. If you dont try pressing the F8 key some times when you start your computer. You havto do this when your computer is about to start the first windows components. In win2k or xp i think you can press space and then F8 when it ask you if you want to go back to previous working setting.
Enough talk about how to start you computer in safe mode, but if you want to manual remove viruses you almost everytime haveto do this in safe mode becouse in safemode most viruses dosnt start. Only some few windows component is allowed to run in safemode. So here is what to do.
Step: 1: Start your computer in safemode.
2: If you know where the virus are hiding delete the executable file.
3: Open the registry and go to the keys below and add an : in front of the value of the string that you think its the virus. Like this, if string is "virus" and its value is "c:\virus.exe" change its value to ":c:\virus.exe". The : is like comenting out the value. But if you are sure its the virus you can just delete the string.
Here are the keys you maybe want to look at:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunServicesOnce HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run
4: The virus can start itself from some other places to. win.ini is the most common files that viruses can use. Soo you should find the files named win.ini and system.ini and look through them and see if you find anything.
5: Look through the startup folder that is normaly located in your profile directory \Start Menu\Programs\Startup.
6: Try searching for the virus executable to see if its hiding some other place.
7: Finally look through the list of services that windows is running. This list is often located under control panel - administrative tools - services. After this 7 steps just reboot your computer in normal mode and try to figure out if the virus is still there.. If not SUCCESS if yes, try to go back to safe mode and hunt some more. Off course this 7 steps will not work on every virus out there, but many of them.

-Be carefull with the registery, dont mess it up, if u do ur computer is ****** lol, depends on wat u mess up, i suggest u made a system restore point first, so incase someting happens you can go back on it. -

*****7000 SERIALS FOR YOU****** free-book

Click below link and free download


How to Hide the local drives (c:,d:,e:,a:...etc) in My Computer ??

This is a great trick you can play on your friends. To disable the display of local or networked drives when you open My Computer follow the below steps....

1.Go to start->run.Type "regedit" (without quotes).

Now go to:


Now in the right pane create a new DWORD item and name it NoDrives(it is case sensitive). Now modify it's value and set it to 3FFFFFF (Hexadecimal) .Now restart your computer. So, now when you click on My Computer, no drives will be shown(all gone...). To enable display of drives in My Computer, simply delete this DWORD item that you created.Again restart your computer.You can now see all the drives again. Magic........

speed up xp booting

Start Registry Editor (Regedit.exe).

Locate the following key in the registry:





Make sure you backup the keys by exporting them to a .reg file.

On the EnablePrefetcher value, change the setting from 3 to 5 (decimal).

Close the registry editor.

Restart your computer.

Top 50 Windows XP Tips

Boot Options...............................................................................................3

Stopping 16-bit Code .....................................................................................................4

Looking up Lyrics ..........................................................................................................5

Windows Update Transfer Details ....................................................................................6

Print from Remote Desktop...........................................................................7

Kill the Cache Completely ...............................................................................................8

Driver Queries and Wasted Space..................................................................9

Removing the Messenger.............................................................................................. 10

Built-in Spell Checker................................................................................................... 11

CompactFlash Formatting ............................................................................................. 12

Truly Removing Log Off User ........................................................................................ 13

Show Deleted Files ...................................................................................................... 14

Funny Little Prank ....................................................................................................... 15

Media Access Control ................................................................................................... 16

Driver Verifier Manager ................................................................................................ 17

True Mobile Processor Speed ........................................................................................ 18

System Reporting Tools................................................................................................ 19

Recovery Console ........................................................................................................ 20

Error Checking Process................................................................................................. 21

Setting up Permissions................................................................................................. 22

Remove Disk Space Warning......................................................................................... 23

Legacy Parallel Devices ................................................................................................ 24

Built-in Sleep Timer ..................................................................................................... 25

Kill the Passport Balloon ............................................................................................... 26

Disable Fast User Switching .......................................................................................... 27

Shell-integrated CD burning.......................................................................................... 28

Extended Digital Photo Data ......................................................................................... 29

Going from NTFS to FAT32 ........................................................................................... 30

Fixing Flash Problems .................................................................................................. 31

Use the Kodak Imaging Application............................................................... 32

Start Menu Shortcuts ................................................................................................... 33

New MSConfig Options ................................................................................................. 34

Advanced Command Line Tools ..................................................................................... 35

Managing the Task Manager ......................................................................................... 36

Microsoft Common Consoles ......................................................................................... 37

Self-extracting Archive Wizard ...................................................................................... 38

Tweaking the Time Server ............................................................................................ 39

CMD.EXE Versus COMMAND.COM .................................................................................. 40

The New IPCONFIG Tool ............................................................................................... 41

Taskbar Group Size Tweaking ....................................................................................... 42

Explorer Thumbnail View Tweaking................................................................ 43

Error Reporting Control ................................................................................................ 44

Explorer Digital Album Art ............................................................................................ 45

Kill the Animated Search Character................................................................................ 46

Prevent a Forgotten Password ....................................................................................... 47

Classic User Menu ....................................................................................................... 48

TweakUI Plus .............................................................................................................. 49

Passive FTP Compatibility ............................................................................................. 50

NTFS Versus FAT32 ..................................................................................................... 51

Fear Uncertainty Doubt ................................................................................................ 52

Boot Options

Whenever someone utters the phrase "Safe Mode," my stomach turns. That's usually

the last step in troubleshooting problems with Windows. To get to this menu in any

Windows OS, tap F8 in between the last post code (beep) and the Windows splash

screen. It's been around since Windows 95, although the first time you use it in

Windows XP, you may be faced with a bevy of new options. "Safe Mode" is akin to

the classic routine (using just the bare essentials to get back into Windows); "Safe

Mode with Networking" allows you to connect to any given network, including

(hopefully) the Internet; "Safe Mode with Command Prompt" may not be what

you've been used to (CMD.EXE is used instead of COMMAND.COM); "Enable VGA

Mode" is wonderful when you're having video card problems or troubleshooting a

"new" monitor; "Last Known Good Configuration" is perfect when you JUST messed

something up and want to turn back the clock; "Debugging Mode" is a

troubleshooter's dream come true (you can redirect the output to another computer

via serial cable); "Enable Boot Logging" does what it says; "Starts Windows

Normally" does what it says, too; "Return to OS Choices Menu" brings you to the

boot menu if you have more than one OS installed.

Stopping 16-bit Code

We've all been told how 16-bit programs don't work as well in full 32-bit operating

systems. For the most part, it's true. But how can you tell, specifically in Windows

NT-based OSes, when 16-bit code is running? Pull up the Task Manager whenever

you suspect something is wrong. If you see a "WOWEXEC.EXE" process running,

you've got some 16-bit code to get rid of. Make note of any programs that you were

recently running to track down the culprit. If the utility depends on a VxD, it will not

work properly (in Windows 2000 or XP). If you can't live without the 16-bit

application, consider running it in a "protected" memory space. Create a shortcut to

the EXE, pull up its Properties sheet, flip to the Shortcut tab, press the Advanced

button, then place a checkmark in the "Run in separate memory space" option. This

should keep it from mingling with any other processes. By now, most of your

installed programs should be 32-bit. If not, I'd suggest holding onto Windows 9x and

running the older apps in there (instead of Windows 2k/XP). The OS will thank you

for it.

Looking up Lyrics

"Silence fell on the cooling night. I thought I better fake it just to be polite." Lyrics

from one of my all-time favorite songs. Do you have problems remembering the

words to your most treasured tunes? The latest Windows Media Player, oddly

enough, can help. Yeah, that means you have to be running Windows XP (but don't

tune out prematurely). Right-click on a song in your Playlist (or in the Media

Library), open its Properties, flip to the Lyrics tab, then enter (or paste) the words.

Searching Google with the song title and keyword "lyrics" works wonders. Now, to

see the fruits of your labor, start playing the song, then select View | Now Playing

Tools | Lyrics. I know what you're thinking: "I think that [operating system] and

[program name] is a piece of [derogatory remark]." Fine. Winamp will work just as

nicely (and in some ways, better). The best plug-in available at this time can be

found at PURELYRICS.COM. It will query against a database of over 60,000 song

titles and import the lyrics directly into your player. Told ya not to tune out. Tune in!

Windows Update Transfer Details

Windows Update hasn't been faring too well lately; it's caused a few users some

unnecessary headaches. It'll say something along the lines of: "Here, I think you

need this patch." When, in fact, you don't. Mike Vigneau passed along an interesting

tip for those of us who want to know what's happening when we're using this

particular Microsoft tool. This tweak has been confirmed with Windows XP and 2000

systems, although it may work in earlier versions of Windows as well. What we're

going to do is set the transfer dialog to "debug" mode. This way, we can keep an eye

on what's happening - at each stage in the process. Fire up the Registry editor and

fly to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \ SOFTWARE \ Microsoft \ Active Setup. Enter a new

String Value and label it: "SteppingMode" (sans quotes). Edit the String and give it a

value of Y. The next time you use Windows Update, its actions should be a little more

descriptive. If you ever wish to disable the verbosity, simply switch this value to N. If

you want another way to grab these downloads, consider using the Corporate

version of Windows Update (a quick search on Google will provide the appropriate


Print from Remote Desktop

Home networks can be a hassle at times. It took me a few days to figure out how to

get Gretchen's computer to recognize my shared (network) printer. Is there an

easier way for those of you with two computers - and no router? Lockergnomie Mark

Snedecor made the connection. "Some printers give you a choice between Parallel or

USB. At work, I have an Epson 777 printer with both inputs. I have my desktop

plugged into the parallel port (as has always been the tradition). Now, for the cool

bit: I can plug my laptop into the USB port (both PCs on and connected to the

printer) and everyone is happy. Though I have not tried a simultaneous print from

both PCs, there seems to be no conflict and it saves me from having to crawl under

my desk to unplug stuff when using the laptop (and having the urge to produce a

hard copy without switching machines). I don't know if this works with all printers

with dual ports, but my Epson 777 is certainly handling things nicely." Another

discovery I made while playing with my HP OmniBook 6100 on a Wi-Fi connection

and Windows XP's Remote Desktop Connection application: click to expand the

Options, flip to the Local Resources tab, and place a checkmark in the "Printers"

field. Blammo!

Kill the Cache Completely

In Windows 98, it is relatively simple to delete Internet Explorer's data cache from

the command prompt (outside of Windows). Since moving to the NT platform,

however, I've found it "impossible" to do. Until now, that is. Apparently, there's

some kind of bug in IE6 where the browser will slow down and start eating up 100%

of the CPU cycles. This could be caused by a corrupt cache - and cannot be cleared

through the Internet Options dialog. Thanks to WARP2SEARCH.NET for providing a

pointer to the solution! Even if you're not having problems with IE, stepping through

this routine every other month is advisable. Launch a command prompt (CMD.EXE)

and navigate to C:\ Documents and Settings \ [Username] \ Local Settings \

Temporary Internet Files \ Content.IE5. Close all OTHER running applications. Pull up

the Task Manager (CTRL + SHIFT + ESC), right-click the EXPLORER.EXE process and

select the "End Process" option. All you should have on the screen at this point is

your Command window. Go ahead and enter: "del index.dat" (sans quotes). If need

be, use extra switches to get rid of it (and any strangely-spelled subdirectories in the

Content.IE5 directory). If you don't understand what I mean, you shouldn't be doing

this tip. Click your desktop and restart the Windows Explorer. Pull up the Task

Manager again, flip to the "Applications" tab, and press the "New Task" button.

Enter: "explorer" (sans quotes). YMMV!

Driver Queries and Wasted Space

What's the quickest way (in Windows XP) to get a list of the currently loaded drivers

(including module names and descriptions)? Get out of the GUI; you're better off at

the command line for this tip. Browse to your desktop folder for simplicity's sake

(usually found at C:\ Documents and Settings \ [Username] \ Desktop). Now, at the

command line, enter: "driverquery /V > drivers.txt" (sans quotes). That /V provides

a more "verbose" output. Other notable switches include /FO (which formats the

output as a table, list, or comma separated values) and /SI (which provides details

about any signed driver). Open that freshly-created drivers.txt file and you'll be in

business. On a more entertaining note, do you remember the music that played

when you first started Windows XP? Ya know, the one that sounded like an Enigma

tune? If you wanna hear it again, you can find it at C:\ WINDOWS \ system32 \ oobe

\ images \ title.wma. Of course, if you want to free up 3 MB worth of space, you can

delete it and the intro.wmv file sitting next to it. Eat your heart out, Enya.

Removing the Messenger

Like it or not, the integration of Internet-aware applications on your Windows

desktop is inevitable. It'll be pervasive for some, and invasive for others. Take

today's Microsoft menace: the Messenger. Yes, in this instance, you're in your right

mind to shoot it (especially if you don't use it). .Net is becoming a reality, folks - and

I'm certain that nothing will drive people away faster from the Windows platform. It

may even happen to yours truly. Anyway, until that time, let's try to live with what

we've got. Or, what we don't want to "got." Lockergnomie Owen Holm offers a

simple workaround for keeping that sucker from loading: "Just move the EXE to

another folder - or delete it entirely. It doesn't stop outlook Express from working."

There ya go! Most of us will find the application (msmsgs) tucked away inside C:\

Program Files \ Messenger. Another solution is to wipe it off the face of your system.

On the Run command line, enter: "RunDll32 advpack.dll, LaunchINFSection

%windir%\INF\msmsgs.inf, BLC.Remove" (sans quotes with no spaces immediately

following each comma). After confirming this action, it should be gone. As always, a

backup is recommended before messing with any system component.

Or, fire up the Windows Explorer and navigate your way to the %SYSTEMROOT% \

INF folder. What the heck is that thingy with the percentage signs? It's a variable.

For most people, %SYSTEMROOT% is C:\Windows. For others, it may be E:\WinXP.

Get it? Okay, on with the hack! In the INF folder, open sysoc.inf (but not before

making a BACKUP copy first). Before your eyes glaze over, look for the line

containing "msmsgs" in it. Near the end of that particular line, you'll notice that the

word "hide" is not so hidden. Go ahead and delete "hide" (so that the flanking

commas are left sitting next to one another). Save the file and close it. Now, open

the Add and Remove Programs applet in the Control Panel. Click the Add / Remove

Windows Components icon. You should see "Windows Messenger" in that list.

Remove the checkmark from its box, and you should be set. NOTE: there are other

hidden system components in that sysoc.inf file, too. Remove "hide" and the

subsequent programs at your own risk.

Built-in Spell Checker

Quite honestly, there's no excuse for spelling errors anymore. Typos were frequent

in the days of the typewriter; misspellings were common in the handwritten letter

era. Though, there's virtually no quick way to spell check a word when you're in

anything other than a "Microsoft Office Spell Checker" supported application.

Lockergnomie Tom Maenner had issues with the feature in Outlook Express after he

upgraded to Windows XP. "I had to locate 'csapi3t1.dl_' on the Windows XP CD and

expand it as 'csapi3t1.dll' in this directory: C:\ Program Files \ Common Files \

Microsoft Shared \ Proof. Worked like a charm." I'm not certain if this will work on

every machine, but it's worth trying if the tool isn't operational for you. If you dork

up words every other minute, consider turning on the "Spell Check before Sending"

feature in your default e-mail client. It's and its, than and then, their and they're, or

any other homophone may slip through the cracks. Butt at least you won't look like a

total fool - just a parshal one. Even online, credibility counts.

CompactFlash Formatting

Digital Media (the non-Lockergnome kind) is wonderful when it works. Most people

use it in their digital camera or PDA (as do I). Transferring data from a portable

device to the PC is relatively painless. Lockergnomie Glen Fabian pointed out

something recently posted to COMPACTFLASH.ORG (the CompactFlash Association):

"By default, Windows XP will format any CompactFlash card of 64MB or more with

FAT32 format. Digital cameras and other devices use the FAT (FAT16) format and

can not operate with a FAT32 formatted card. Either format your CompactFlash card

in your camera or select FAT format to format your CompactFlash card in a Windows

XP PC." Even if you don't use CF media or Windows XP, this is something to keep in

mind. And do you need another reason to own a laptop? My Pocket PC is a Walkman

of sorts; I put new MP3s on it every day. However, transferring them via any USB

(1.1) connection is slow as molasses. I picked up a PCMCIA CF adapter for under five

bucks a few weeks ago (they're inexpensive to begin with). Trust me, that will speed

up the process. Visit PCMCIA.ORG for more information.

Truly Removing Log Off User

We all know that WIN+R will launch the Run dialog. And if you didn't know that

before, you do now. It's an easy way to launch programs in your path or Web pages

(provided they start with either "http" or "www"). You can make a shortcut to this

command easily in Windows XP, but first you need to have the default Start Menu

view enabled. Once that's done, simply drag & drop the Run icon from the menu to

your desktop (which is akin to a "cradle to the grave" operation). Rename it at will.

While we're on the subject of XP Professional's Start Menu, if you wanna get rid of

the Help and Logoff icons, TweakUI may not do the trick. Launch gpedit.msc (from

the Run command line). Be careful what you toggle in here; you could very well deny

access to essential Windows features. Select User Configuration | Administrative

Templates | Start Menu and Taskbar | Remove [This] menu from Start Menu. Of

course, [This] could be "Help," "Logoff," or any other menu component. Note that

the "F1" key will still respond to your call. When you uncover any other nifty tweaks

in this applet, we'd love to hear about 'em.

Show Deleted Files

This tip, while relatively remedial, serves as a good reminder for everyone. You don't

dare throw away recyclable materials in my house. Gretchen will give you a death

stare to end all death stares. Microsoft wasn't necessarily being politically correct

when they decided to name the virtual trash receptacle the Recycle Bin. It's no

secret that the data sitting in there isn't deleted. Heck, even when you "empty" it,

the data may still be sitting on your drive (pick up the free "Eraser" from

TOLVANEN.COM to fix this oversight). Turning off the delete confirmation dialog is

one of the first things I do when I reinstall Windows. When I know I'll never need to

restore the file, I'll hold down the SHIFT key as I delete it. This will enable me to

bypass the Recycle Bin entirely. In Windows XP, I have the Recycle Bin view set to

Arrange Icons By | Date Deleted with the "Show in Groups" option turned on. This

sorts the files by Today, Yesterday, Last week, Two weeks ago, Earlier this month,

Last month, etc. This is probably the single-largest unused (and overlooked) feature

of the Windows XP Explorer.

Funny Little Prank

Here's a prank to remember in a few months (when April Fool's Day rolls around).

Your friend will need to be running an NT-based operating system in order for this to

work. Create a new desktop shortcut to CMD.EXE (which is COMMAND.COM's bigger

brother). Now, right-click the shortcut and pull up its Properties sheet (or press ALT

and left double-click it). Flip to the Colors tab. Set the Screen background to dark

blue (0 0 128), and the Screen text to white (255 255 255). Flip to the Options tab

and set it to open in a Full screen. NOTE: you can also use the ALT+Enter keyboard

combo to toggle screen modes. Launch the shortcut. Ah, it looks like a new-fangled

blue screen of death! And that's exactly what you're going to create. Kinda. Create a

new document in Notepad and save it to the desktop as a BAT file (name it

prank.bat). In it, you'll enter the following (with each line separated by a slash):

echo off / cls / prompt Press any key to reformat hard drive. / echo You have been

sacked by the moose virus. The most important lines are the first three; you can add

as many "echo" statements as you'd like (to personalize the bug). Launch

"prank.bat" from within the CMD.EXE shortcut you previously made.

Media Access Control

It's no secret that 802.11b networks are not very secure; we've discussed this point

at length in the past. When you enable wireless connectivity through your access

point, you should filter out non-registered MAC (Media Access Control) addresses if

your WAP supports this feature. A MAC address is unique to every network card on

the market. Any Wi-Fi device may see your wireless access point, but it won't be

able to use the WAP unless its MAC address matches the (manually entered) filter.

Nice, huh? Okay, so how do you determine a network card's MAC address? Either use

WINIPCFG or IPCONFIG. You're looking for a hexadecimal string - twelve digits long

(six sections of two hex characters each). This is easy to find when you're on your

own machine, but what about those connected to your network? As your home

network expands, this information will become increasingly important. You could use

your router's DHCP table to view the addresses, or you could use Windows XP's

GETMAC command line utility (also available as a free Windows 2000 Resource Kit


Driver Verifier Manager

When the courier drops off a package, someone must sign for it to verify the

transaction. The same holds true for drivers in Windows 2000 and XP. Despite the

whining of legacy-loving lusers (local users), this is a fantastic feature. Nine times

out of ten, Windows doesn't crash Windows. Buggy drivers, on the other hand, have

been known to cause countless contentions. Microsoft instituted "driver signing" to

stop problems before they started. If an installed driver is NOT signed, caveat clickor

(let the user beware). Use VERIFIER.EXE - the Driver Verifier Manager - to gather

information about and troubleshoot your system's drivers. Admittedly, this tool was

specifically designed with ubergeeks (and driver developers) in mind. For details and

usage guidelines, refer to article Q244617 in the Microsoft Knowledge Base. Check

with hardware manufacturers to see if there are WHQL (Windows Hardware Quality

Labs) certified drivers available for your device(s). They may not be optimized for

speed, but stability is sometimes more important.

True Mobile Processor Speed

Purchased a laptop in the past year or two? If it's running with "Intel inside," then

you've probably got a SpeedStep processor. And yes, that's a good thing - for the

most part. It was designed to maximize battery life by slowing down the processor

when it's not needed. Support for this technology is not built into any Windows OS,

save XP; you'll need the utility from Intel.com to have full control over how fast (or

slow) your processor runs. Unless, again, you're running Windows XP (which

supports it OOTB). So, the maximum megahertz for your notebook is (for the sake of

argument) 800. How do you know your processor is running at that speed? Tap

WinKey + Pause to pull up the "My Computer" Properties sheet. There, you'll find the

"true" speed of the processor. Beneath it, you'll see the speed at which it's currently

running. Let's say you don't care about prolonging battery life, though. How can you

be sure you're always running full-bore? Change your current Power Scheme to

"Always On." You can do this quickly by left single-clicking the battery icon in your

System Tray. If that icon isn't there, enable it through the Power Options applet in

your Control Panel.

System Reporting Tools

If there's one thing I can't stand doing, it's RTFM. FYI, that's an acronym for

"Reading The Fantastic Manual." Not! Out of curiosity the other day, I tapped F1 in

Windows XP. As expected, the Help and Support Center popped up within seconds.

Now, you know me - I love to tweak. I pressed what looked like the "configuration"

icon (although its tooltip lead me to believe that it was only for getting help online

with Remote Assistance or contacting a support professional). In the lower left-hand

corner, I found a few interesting hyperlinks which led me to pages offering

alternative ways to view system information. This is like an updated version of the

Computer Management console - only it's hella easier to read. Click Advanced

System Information | View Group Policy settings applied | scroll to the bottom and

click the "Save this report to an .htm file" link. Do this when you need help from a

not-so-nearby friend, or when you want to make sure the same settings are

migrated to another computer or fresh Windows installation. You'll find links to other

data-gathering tools here, too. Explore!

Recovery Console

We're all used to the way Windows 9x works, but if you're searching for superior

security on the same platform, then Windows 2000 or XP are your only choices. For

the Home (regular) user, XP is perfect. Does it have a Safe Mode, though? Kinda.

Tap F8 immediately before you see the Windows splash screen pop up. What if you

can't get into Windows that way? Time to run the Recovery Console. Insert the

original operating system CD, boot from it, then step through the "blue screen"

wizard until you can tap "R" to shell into the Recovery Console. Here, you must first

enter your Administrator password (if you have one). Now what? Type "HELP" for a

list of possible commands. FIXBOOT writes a new boot sector on the system

partition; FIXMBR repairs the boot partition's master boot code. DISKPART manages

partitions on hard disk volumes (kinda like FDISK); BOOTCFG is used to manipulate

the BOOT.INI for boot configuration and recovery. This may just save you from

having to do a complete reinstall of the OS. Be careful what you do here, though. For

more information, please refer to MSKB Q307654.

Error Checking Process

They keep saying that Windows XP will run "indefinitely" without requiring a restart,

but you can only fix disk errors when you're not inside Windows. To correct

discrepancies, you'll need to check for them and then reboot. Either run "CHKDSK

/F" from a CMD line or open My Computer, right-click on a drive (AKA volume),

select Properties, flip to the Tools tab, and press the "Check Now..." button. Place a

checkmark in the "Automatically fix file system errors." It will prompt you to

schedule a scan before the next Windows session. Do it, folks. Do it often. If you

haven't upgraded your FAT32 volume to the NTFS file system (I know, that's

redundant), you can run the command line "CONVERT" utility. Remember, with NTFS

in Windows 2000 or XP, you can compress files and folders to save on disk space.

Right-click a file or folder, select Properties, flip to the General tab, click Advanced,

put a checkmark next to the "Compress contents to save disk space" option, then

click OK. Click OK again (to close the Properties dialog). To Confirm Attribute

Changes, select the option you desire. Wham! You just saved some space.

Setting up Permissions

When I wanted to stay over at Jimmy's house, I had to ask for permission. When I

wanted to have ice cream after supper, I had to ask for permission. When I wanted

to open and edit my wife's documents, I didn't have to ask for permission. She was

using an unsecure system! Thank goodness for FAT32, eh? We receive countless e-

mails from people asking how they can password-protect their files and folders. The

quickest way to do it is to ZIP up the objects in question, and then place a password

on that archive. That's not the most convenient route, however. If there are multiple

people using one machine, Windows 2000 and XP make protecting your data

infinitely easier. With either on an NTFS hard drive, you can set user-level

permissions. Depress ALT while you double-click a file or folder, flip to the Security

tab, then set how you want to allow your users to interact with the data. Give 'em

full control, the ability to modify, read & execute, read, write, etc. If you're worried

about a young one (or novice) deleting your documents, this will help keep your

bases covered. In Windows 9x, you'd need to find a third-party utility to do the same


Remove Disk Space Warning

Faster. That's what everybody's system needs to be. I don't care what the

benchmarks say: if it feels faster, then it must be faster. I don't need "useless"

rogue background processes telling me that I only have 200, 80, or 50 megabytes

free on my hard drive(s). So, I've turned off the Low Disk Space Notification in

Windows XP. Navigate to HKCU \ Software \ Microsoft \ Windows \ CurrentVersion \

Policies \ Explorer in your Registry. Add a new DWORD Value to the right-hand pane

and label it "NoLowDiskSpaceChecks" (sans quotes). Set this entry to "1" (again,

sans quotes). Now, let's say you're running either Windows XP or 2000. These OSes

will track and attempt to automatically fix broken shortcut links. For most users, this

feature is handy; for others, it's not. Stop the procedure by flailing to the

aforementioned Registry location. This time, create a "NoResolveTrack" DWORD

value and set it to "1" (sans quotes in each instance). To reverse either setting,

change the "1" to a "0" - or delete the value(s) altogether.

Legacy Parallel Devices

Given the near infinite amount of peripherals in the field today, it's a wonder

Windows works at all. More choice can lend itself to more problems. Trying to run

Windows 98 on a 386 isn't going to happen, though using a dot matrix printer in

Windows XP is (in theory) feasible. As long as the drivers are rock solid and

compatible, you'll be okay. There's an XP switch you might wanna flip for older

devices (such as a parallel port Zip drive daisychained to your printer). Tap

WIN+Pause, flip to the Hardware tab, and press the Device Manager button. Cascade

the Ports (COM & LPT) option and double-click your Printer Port (which is most likely

LPT1). Under the Port Settings tab, you'll find an option to "Enable legacy Plug and

Play detection." Place a checkmark in the field and you'll be golden. Lockergnomie Al

Strachan had to pay Microsoft a handful of cash to discover this. He passed this

wisdom along to the rest of us for free.

Built-in Sleep Timer

There's a feature on most newer television sets called a sleep timer. With it, you can

schedule automatic power termination without further intervention - perfect for

temporary insomniacs. Windows XP comes with a tool that'll essentially do the same

thing. SHUTDOWN.EXE should be launched from a "CMD" prompt or used in

conjunction with the proper switches: -l logs off the current user. -s shuts down the

local computer. -r reboots after shutdown. -a aborts a scheduled shutdown. -f forces

running applications to close (dangerous). -m [\\ComputerName] specifies the

computer that you want to shut down. -t [xx] sets the timer for shutdown in [xx]

seconds (20 by default). There's no easier way of making sure your spouse comes to

bed on time. "The strangest thing keeps happening, honey... my computer keeps

shutting down every day at the exact same time." "That's nice, dear. Quit hogging

the covers." I'm onto your little plan, Gretchen.

Kill the Passport Balloon

Too many people are tricked into believing that you need to sign up for a Passport

account when you get Windows XP. Wonderful job the marketing folks did, eh? Well,

if you don't want to sign up for an account, nobody is forcing you to. At least, not

yet. Are you tired of being reminded about signing up? Fire up REGEDIT.EXE and find

your way to HKEY_CURRENT_USER \ Software \ Microsoft \ MessengerService. You'll

see a "PassportBalloon" binary value in the right-hand pane. Double-click to open it.

Now, in the resulting "Edit Binary Value" dialog, press the Delete key and enter: "0a"

(that's a zero, sans quotes). This will effectively set the reminder counter to 10 and

you won't be bothered with it again. Don't want the Windows Messenger to pop up

when you launch Outlook Express? M'kay, in the Registry, get to

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \ SOFTWARE \ Microsoft \ Outlook Express and either edit or

add a DWORD Value: "Hide Messenger" (sans quotes). Set this to "2" and you'll be

good to go. Thanks to X-Setup (XTEQ.COM) for providing an easier way to get this

done. Within that program, you can right-click on a plug-in and select "Information"

for details and script code.

Disable Fast User Switching

It doesn't matter how cheap RAM gets, we're always looking for ways to squeeze

speed out of our system. Fast User Switching may be enabled in Windows XP by

default; there's no need for it if you're the only one who accesses your computer.

Open the User Accounts applet in the Control Panel. Pick the "Change the way users

log on or off" task (highlighted in blue for those using a Classic View). Now, you can

take the checkmark out of "Use Fast User Switching" if you still want to see your

Welcome screen. If you remove the checkmark from the "Use the Welcome screen"

field, Fast User Switching will be disabled automatically. I would also recommend

turning off the Guest account if you don't need it for day-to-day operations. It may

not consume resources, but it's still a potential security risk. If you ever want to add,

edit, or change your Passport (.NET) account, this would be the place to do it. Click

"Change Passport Attributes" and remove the checkmarks next to "Share my e-mail

address" and "Share my other registration information" for further privacy.

Shell-integrated CD burning

Shell-integrated CD burning is still somewhat flaky in Windows XP (even with the

latest patches installed). You're almost better off using a certified, non-Microsoft tool

to get the job done. A few weeks ago, I couldn't figure out why my operating system

wasn't recognizing a CD component for what it was: a CD-RW drive. Ashley Ellerbeck

told me to check a certain Registry setting: HKEY_CURRENT_USER \ Software \

Microsoft \ Windows \ CurrentVersion \ Explorer \ CD Burning \ Drives. Each CD

drive will have its own Volume key. Double-click the "Drive Type" value to change its

properties. CD-Rs should be set to 1; CD-RWs should be set to 2; non-writables

should be set to 3. Even after this setting has been confirmed, I still run into snags

when I'm using XP's CD burning task. Sometimes, even though blank media is

already sitting in the CD drive, Windows will ask me to insert a valid disc. After

ejecting and immediately re-inserting the tray, the wizard will continue through its

routine. Weird.

Extended Digital Photo Data

Look at a digital picture; what do you see? A bunch of colorful pixels on your screen.

Look beyond them and what do you find? Not much, I fear - without the right tool.

Most digital cameras will automatically record data into the JPEG header. This is

something known as EXIF (Exchangeable Image File). While Windows XP's Explorer

can see this information, other Windows users will have to download a third-party

tool (most of them are freeware and can be found on Google). How do you pull it up

in Windows XP? Well, either right-click on the file and select its Properties, flip to the

Summary tab and press the Advanced button. Or, switch the Windows Explorer's

view to Details, right-click on a sorting field, then add more (appropriate) fields.

Having EXIF info on hand makes it easier to take great pictures. How? Well, let's say

you got a great snapshot with the perfect light, distance, etc. Do you remember your

camera's settings at the time? I doubt it. EXIF information will tell you just about

everything you wanted to know about that particular image: resolution, bit-depth,

shutter speed, lens aperture, flash mode, subject distance, focal length, exposure

time, metering mode, etc. WARNING: editing or rotating a picture will most likely

destroy its EXIF data. For this reason, you'd be wise to always save original digital

photos elsewhere.

Going from NTFS to FAT32

Installing and reinstalling Windows used to be pretty routine. Ya know, after the

thirteenth time, you started to memorize each step. Enter NTFS. It's a newer, more

secure, robust file system that will replace FAT32 in a matter of years. In installing

Windows 2000 or XP, you have to make a choice whether or not you want to make

the move to NTFS or stick with FAT32. If you don't know, don't go (to NTFS). What

happens if you find that XP (or 2000) isn't working as well as you'd like it to? More

importantly: what if you miss good ol' 98, but your drive was now NTFS? Oops. You'll

need to run the Recovery Console to reformat a drive to FAT32. WARNING: this will

wipe out all data on that drive. Reboot the computer, making sure you've inserted

your XP or 2000 CD-ROM (or the corresponding boot floppy). Tap F10 to continue

through the "Welcome" screen. Now, in the Recovery Console, choose an installation

and log into it with your Administrator account password. You remember it, right?

Type: MAP (and then tap ENTER). Tell it which drive you wish to reformat (in most

cases, it will be your C drive). Type: "format C : /fs:fat32" (sans quotes). Tap 'y' to

confirm. When all is said and done, type exit to restart the machine. Your C drive

should now be back to its original FAT32 condition.

Fixing Flash Problems

There's nothing wrong with wanting a little Flash animation in your life (or in your

Web browser). Lockergnomie Paul McNeely was having a problem with the world's

most popular plug-in a few weeks ago. The software was already installed, but

Internet Explorer didn't believe it. "I went to Web sites that would check for Flash

and they would spit back an error page with a link to Macromedia. I clicked on the

link and tried to install the player, but since it had already been installed, I saw the

'everything is working properly' animation." He started fishing around on his hard

drive, and eventually found his way to the C:\ Windows \ System \ Macromed \ Flash

directory. Well, Paul deleted the "swflash.ocx" file that was sitting inside there (his

Flash directory). This allowed him to return to Macromedia's site and install the

software (again) properly. It also returned full functionality to those Flash-enabled

sites. As a side note, Windows 2000 and XP users will find most of their "system"

stuff now sitting inside the System32 folder.

Use the Kodak Imaging Application

Kodak did a wonderful job on their Imaging Application (which comes bundled with

Windows 98 and Windows 2000). As I archived more and more black and white

documents, I came to appreciate its power. Sadly, this utility does not exist in

Windows XP. There's no KODAKIMG.EXE or KODAKPRV.EXE to be found! My heartfelt

thanks goes out to Lockergnomaniac John Hunter, who found a solution for those of

us who miss our dear old app. We agree that the new "Windows Picture and Fax

Viewer" sucks. If you have a Windows 2000 CD, copy the following files from the



IMGSCAN.OCX, and IMGTHUMB.OCX. Note that these files may still be compressed in

the "**_" format. You will need to use either the EXPAND.EXE utility or WinZip to

uncompress them. If you have a Windows 98 CD, copy those same files PLUS the

following: OIADM400.DLL, OICOM400.DLL, OIDIS400.DLL, OIFIL400.DLL,

OIGFS400.DLL, IMGSHL.DLL, and IMGOCXD.HLP. In both cases, you should place all

of them inside your System32 folder. Now, it's time to register the OCX files. Tap

Winkey+R to launch the Run applet and then enter: "regsvr32 imgadmin.ocx" (sans

quotes). Do the same for imgedit.ocx, imgscan.ocx, and imgthumb.ocx. Remember,

to unregister an ActiveX control, you only need to trail regsvr32 with the "/u" switch.

Be sure you've copied over the aforementioned executables to your System32 folder.

They should work now!

Start Menu Shortcuts

How many times have you seen fifteen shortcuts to "My Computer" sitting on

someone's desktop? They did a bad, bad thing (although they probably didn't mean

to). Even beyond its positive aesthetic impact, I can fully appreciate Microsoft's

decision to hide all of the desktop icons (save the Recycle Bin). New users will find

themselves relying more and more on their Start Menu (bulky as it may be). Let's

say you have a program with which you work frequently. Instead of digging for its

shortcut, you could pin it to the new Start Menu. How, you might ask? As long as

you're NOT using the Classic Start Menu in Windows XP, you can right-click on a

program's shortcut (or the direct executable) and select 'Pin to Start menu' from the

list of options. Are you tired of seeing a certain link in there? Right-click on it and

select "Remove from This List" to delete the icon. You can always tweak the number

of programs to be listed in this section by right-clicking the Start button, selecting

Properties, clicking the Customize button, and entering a number (up to 30) in the

first field.

New MSConfig Options

What tool is this they laid to rest; on Win2k it's missing. 98ers are addicted to

MSConfig. The good news? Someone in Redmond beefed it up for Windows XP. The

utility looks familiar, but there are a couple of new tabs in which you can analyze and

tweak your system. To launch it, simply tap WinKey+R and enter: "MSCONFIG"

(sans quotes). On the General tab, you'll now find an "Expand File" button; click it to

unstuff those files whose extensions end in an underscore character. Flip to the

BOOT.INI section to change how Windows XP gets up and running. WARNING: do

not change settings here unless you really know what you're doing. You can

inadvertently (or purposefully) turn off dual booting from this tab. Now, the Services

tab is really neat. Not sure what third- party services has been installed? Place a

checkmark in the "Hide All Microsoft Services" field to find out. Finally, the Startup

tab looks the same as it always has. What else sets it apart from previous versions?

When you change your Startup settings, MSConfig will tell you (on next boot) that

it's in a Diagnostic / Selective Startup mode. Essentially, this will allow you to roll-

back to a previous (working) configuration.

Advanced Command Line Tools

We're all familiar with the command line - and it still exists in Windows XP. In fact,

Microsoft has created a few new tools for those of us allergic to the GUI. These may

(or may not) work in other NT-based OSes. According to the Help Center: BOOTCFG

configures or changes BOOT.INI file settings; DEFRAG does what its always done;

DISKPART manages disks and partitions; GETMAC obtains the media access control

(MAC) address and list of network protocols; DRIVERQUERY spits back a list of

installed drivers and their properties; PAGEFILECONFIG configures your virtual

memory settings; PRNCNFG configures and displays printer information; PRNQCTL

prints a test page, pauses or resumes a printer, and clears a printer queue; SC

shows and allows the configuration of service information; SHUTDOWN shuts down

or restarts a local or remote computer; SYSTEMINFO provides basic system

configuration information; TASKKILL ends one or more processes; TASKLIST shows

running applications and services; and SCHTASKS schedules commands and

programs to run periodically or at a specific time. If you type faster than you can

click, these puppies should keep you happy.

Managing the Task Manager

One of the features I appreciate most about Windows 2000 and XP is the simple way

users can summon the Task Manager. A right-click on the taskbar is all you need to

do. XPers bent on instant gratification can give a three-fingered salute. No doubt this

was remapped to curb the 9xer's learning curve. Yep. There's a list of running

processes. But are any of them safe to close? Be careful! Some of those suckers are

critical; closing the wrong one could hose your OS. Click View | Select Columns | and

put a checkmark in the PID (Process Identifier) field. Now, let's go through them.

Services.exe (208) handles: AppMgmt, Browser, Dhcp, dmserver, Dnscache,

Eventlog, lanmanserver, LanmanWorkstation, LmHosts, Messenger, PlugPlay,

ProtectedStorage, seclogon, TrkWks, W32Time, and Wmi. That's a mouthful, eh?

Well, each one of those components takes care of a different part of the operating

system (yet they're all under the same process). Need to know what else is going on

inside? Click Start | Run and enter: "CMD" (sans quotes). Now, if you're in Win2k, at

the command prompt, enter: "TLIST -S" (sans quotes). If you're running WinXP, at

the command prompt, enter: "TASKLIST /SVC" (sans quotes). Remember, you can

use that vertical scroll bar to view bumped command screen data. You couldn't do

that in 9x, ya know.

Microsoft Common Consoles

We all know what an EXE is; it's an executable (program). And what's a DLL? A

Dynamic Link Library. What about those CPL files? Control Panel extensions. If

you've moved beyond Windows ninety- whatever, you may have noticed a few new

file types on your system. Ever see an MSC? Is it a Moldy Saltine Cracker? A More

Somber Continent? Nope, it's a Microsoft Common Console Document. What does

that mean to you? Everything, if you were born to tweak. And much like an EXE file,

you can launch an MSC simply by entering it on the Run command field in the Start

Menu. COMPMGMT.MSC pulls up the Computer Management console (which contains

all of the other console documents). DISKMGMT.MSC gives you quick access to disk

properties (which you may configure). DEVMGMT.MSC is the Device Manager (which

looks a lot like the one in 9x). DFRG.MSC launches the built-in disk defragmenter.

EVENTVWR.MSC is your system Event Viewer (error records and such).

FSMGMT.MSC will help you manage your Shared Folders. LUSRMGR.MSC manages

Local Users and Groups (those LUSRs). PERFMON.MSC is your Performance Monitor.

SECPOL.MSC shows Local Security Settings. SERVICES.MSC lists all the registered

Services (be careful with this one). With help from these MSCellaneous applets,

you'll have a handle on your computer in no time.

Self-extracting Archive Wizard

Nothing excites me more than discovering a hidden feature (or program) in my

operating system. Yeah, I know. I need a life. Actually, I already have one - but it's

only on loan. I inherited a handful of new utilities when I moved from Win98 to

Win2k. One of them, as Lockergnomie Will Madgett discovered, was a holdover: the

Private Character Editor (EUDCEDIT.EXE). This utility will allow you to append

customized characters to any installed font. So, if a typeface doesn't include a

degree symbol, you can create one and virtually attach it to the TTF. Heck, you could

even draw your own little picture with it. Anything's possible (although not always

practical). Will also found something in WinXP that (I believe) may have come with

Windows Millennium Edition, too. It's a self-extracting / self-installing archive wizard!

Click Start | Run and enter: "IEXPRESS.EXE" (sans quotes). If you get an error

message, then the tool didn't come with your version of Windows. If the program

launches, then you're good to go. No need to install another program when you've

got this kind of functionality built-in! In fact, and don't tell anybody else this, I

haven't needed to install WinZip since I leaped to XP. Shhhh!

Tweaking the Time Server

You've heard of Web servers and food servers, but what about time servers? Thanks

to the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), your computer will

always be running on time. The correct time, that is. According to them, one second

is the time it takes a cesium atom to vibrate 9,192,631,770 times. That's what

they're referring to when they talk about an "Atomic" clock. It's nothing dangerous,

mind you. In fact, you can sync your system with it automatically in Windows XP;

we've featured several (free) third-party utilities to do this in other versions of

Windows. Double-click the clock in your system tray, flip to the Internet Time tab,

select a server, press the "Update Now" button, and you're (literally) set! Care to

tweak the time when Windows will automatically synchronize next? In your Registry,

navigate to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \ SYSTEM \ ControlSet001 \ Services \ W32Time

\ TimeProviders \ NtpClient. Edit the "SpecialPollInterval" entry and change its

decimal value to any number you want (in seconds). My suggestion is for you to

keep the syncs spaced no less than a day apart. If your system is losing too much

time too often, it's time to replace the battery on your motherboard.


And while I've brought this up before, consider this tip addition a refresher. Moving

from Windows 95 to 98 wasn't too paneful for most of us. Most of our old

applications worked well, and if they didn't, we scoured the Web for updated

versions. Moving from 98 to XP has been more dramatic (as far as code compatibility

is concerned). The future for 16-bit programs is grim, indeed. Do you still rely on

DOS for doing stuff? Why!? Dude! It's almost 2002 - your drive should have nothing

but 32-bit binaries. If you insist on using your Pentium 4 2.0 gigahertz machine to

run EDIT.COM, well... that's your prerogative. But before you do, be sure you're in

the better environment. How so? Well, you can actually get to a command line two

different ways in Windows XP. CMD.EXE is the shell of choice; not only does it

respond faster in Windows XP, it should also run those "classic" apps you've still got

somewhere on your disks. Should you run into problems with this native 32-bit shell,

consider trying those same command line programs under the command of

COMMAND.COM. But, like I said, try to use CMD.EXE whenever possible; there's

nothing 16-bit about it. To run either shell, click Start | Run and enter its file name.


Every once in a while, I need to troubleshoot someone's Internet connection

remotely. What's the first thing we need? An IP address. In Windows 9x, most of us

relied on WINIPCFG.EXE; in Windows XP, we have to rely on something else. When

you're alive on the command line, use IPCONFIG.EXE. Though, if you're not already

in a shell, its information will flash across the screen and disappear quicker than it

came. There's another way to get network connectivity data within Windows. Right-

click the Network Neighborhood icon on your desktop (assuming you have it turned

on in Windows XP) then select Properties. Double-click the active Internet connection

icon (mine is labeled "Local Area Connection" - but yours may be different). You

should now see a small status sheet on your screen. Flip over to the Support tab and

click the Details button. Everything you need should be there: MAC Address, IP

Address, Subnet Mask, Default Gateway, DHCP Server, DNS Server, and WINS

Server. Press CTRL+C while you're in the window and all of that stuff will be copied

to the clipboard! If neither of these methods work for you in Windows XP, try

whatever used to work for you before the upgrade.

Taskbar Group Size Tweaking

The taskbar starts on one side of the screen and stretches to the other; this dynamic

manager occupies finite space. What happens when we cram too many programs

into it? Unfortunately, our monitor doesn't get any bigger. Instead, each program's

allocated taskbar space is decreased (equally). We've all seen it happen before - this

is nothing new. However, Windows XP can group open program windows for you

automatically (adding a vertical dimension to your taskbar). At which point do you

want to start stacking those apps? Let Windows know! Fire up your Registry editor

and find your way to HKEY_CURRENT_USER \ Software \ Microsoft \ Windows \

CurrentVersion \ Explorer \ Advanced. You may need to create a new DWORD value

with the label "TaskbarGroupSize" (sans quotes). Double-click this newly created

entry to edit its properties. Again, how many windows need to be open before they

form a cluster? Too few and you could be grouping prematurely. Too many and you

could be rendering the option useless. I'd imagine that your Web browser, Microsoft

Word, the Windows Explorer, and Notepad will rack up the most miles on your

machine. Keep that in mind when you go to set the number.

Explorer Thumbnail View Tweaking

Let's say you want to see all of the images sitting inside a certain folder. Sure, I

suppose you could open all of them in your favorite graphics viewer. That might take

a while, though. Best use Explorer's built-in thumbnail feature. Is disk speed an

issue? What about disk space? Both are valid concerns, but they can be addressed

easily with a little Registry diving. Alter the pixel size and quality of all thumbnails by

navigating to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \ Software \ Microsoft \ Windows \

CurrentVersion \ Explorer. To change the size for each thumbnail, add a DWORD

value and label it "ThumbnailSize" (sans quotes). This entry should be given a

number between 32 and 256; I suggest 50 (instead of the default 100). To change

the image quality of thumbnails, add a DWORD value and label it "ThumbnailQuality"

(sans quotes). This entry should be given a number between 50 and 100; I suggest

changing this one to 50 to start with, too. The next time you switch a folder to

thumbnail view, your changes should be applied. Hold onto the SHIFT key when you

select the "Thumbnail" option from the view menu if you want to turn off file names

(to save screen space). SHIFT click again to turn 'em back on. Remember: you can

also turn off thumbnail disk caching through the Folder Options dialog. In the

Windows Explorer, click Tools | Folder Options | View | Do not cache thumbnails.

Error Reporting Control

I was listening to streaming audio on a Windows 98 machine the other day [perish

the thought] when Internet Explorer 6.0 crashed on me. As usual, an error reporting

dialog popped up. Now, I always thought that this "feature" for bugs was useless. Lo

and behold, there was something new in the dialog: what appeared to be a

hyperlink. And what are we trained to do whenever we see blue underlined text?

Click it! And, out of curiosity, that's what I did. I was whisked away to a MSKB page

explaining what the problem was and what I could do to fix it. Apparently, there was

an update available for the Windows Media Player that I didn't know about before. I

thought: "How nifty!" Perhaps all of this error reporting will lead to quicker fixes?

One can only hope. Now, if you're ultra-paranoid about your data, then perhaps

you'll want to make sure this "feature" is turned off in Windows XP. Tap WIN+Pause

or right-click on My Computer to open the System Properties dialog. Flip to the

Advanced tab, click the Error Reporting button, then disable it. Furthermore, you can

customize how error reporting takes place - for whatever program(s) you want.

Explorer Digital Album Art

You're probably still exploring Windows XP. And even if you don't have Microsoft's

new operating system, these feature-specific tips might open your eyes to something

you didn't know about before. Keep that in mind before you tune 'em out entirely.

You can enable the thumbnail view in many versions of Windows; this allows you to

preview documents and images instantly. In XP, you can also preview a folder's

contents without opening it first! By default, Explorer places up to four images from

the folder onto its thumbnailed icon. You can change these graphics at any time. One

way of doing it: finding a representative image, renaming it FOLDER.JPG, and placing

it inside the folder in question. If you're already in the folder, you could also right-

click the upper-left corner icon (in the window's title bar), select Properties, flip to

the Customize tab, and press the "Choose Picture" button. Either way, you'll end up

with the same results. The coolest thing about this tweak? Whenever you load music

files from that folder, the Windows Media Player will use that folder's (designated)

image as the Album Art. How's that for "too cool?"

Kill the Animated Search Character

When I first saw the default search pane in Windows XP, my instinct was to return it

to its classic look; that puppy had to go. Of course, I later discovered that a doggie

door is built into the applet. Click "Change preferences" then "Without an animated

screen character." If you'd rather give it a bare-bones "Windows 2000" look and feel,

fire up your Registry editor and navigate to HKEY_CURRENT_USER \ Software \

Microsoft \ Windows \ CurrentVersion \ Explorer \ CabinetState. You may need to

create a new string value labeled "Use Search Asst" and set it to "no" (sans quotes in

each case). Before you go that far, let me make you aware of two things. First, you

can accomplish the same task via the new TweakUI (available for download at

WINDOWSXP.COM). Second, there's a nice benefit to the new Search Companion in

Internet Explorer 6.0 (at least, with Microsoft Office's spell checker installed). Launch

your browser and tap the F3 key. Now, enter your query, intentionally misspelling a

keyword. Look at that! A red squiggly! Right-click on the word and select an

appropriate replacement (if necessary). How's that for hlepful?

Prevent a Forgotten Password

Passwords are a double-edged sword. Forget yours, and you could be up a polluted

tributary without proper means of propulsion. Think about that one for a second.

Then, make a backdoor for Windows XP. The Password Reset Wizard can be found by

clicking Start | Control Panel | User Accounts. Select your account name, then under

Related Tasks, click the "Prevent a forgotten password" option. The wizard will guide

you through the rest of the way. That's his job, after all. It's your job not to forget

your password, but since you're human, we all know it could happen one day. Make

another one for good measure and store the disks in a very safe place (away from

heat, moisture, magnetic fields, and your kid). Hey, don't close the User Accounts

applet quite yet! While you're there, you can also change your picture. Ya know,

something tells me that a toy frog, rubber duckie, and soccer ball don't represent

your personality as much as something else does. Click "Change my picture" then

"Browse for more pictures." Windows will be smart enough to resize whatever you

pick. Awww, isn't that nice?

Classic User Menu

Remember when you thought you were secure when you used the Windows Screen

Saver password feature? Gone are those days, my friend. A quick reboot is really all

it takes to get around that thing. Plus, anybody can delete PWL files from the DOS

prompt. Is Windows XP better? Undoubtedly. You lock the workstation by doing a

three-finger salute (CTRL+ALT+DEL) in Windows 2000 and NT. When the same

keyboard combo is used in XP, you'll get the powerful Task Manager. Now,

WINKEY+L will keep people from seeing what they shouldn't be seeing. I hope you

didn't forget your password, though. Unlike older versions of Windows, you can't

escape out of this dialog without knowing the magic word. Of course, you could also

switch users at this point, provided you've set them up on the same machine. If you

can't stand XP's cutesy Welcome screen, you can turn it off in the User Accounts

Control Panel Applet. Sure, just "Change the way users log on or off." Ah, this thing's

looking more and more like Windows 2000 every day.

TweakUI Plus

As humans, most of us were born with certain involuntary habits: breathing,

sleeping, and tweaking. How I survived for twenty some- odd years without TweakUI

is beyond me. Of course, I wouldn't have been able to use it on my C64, so I guess

the point is moot. With Windows XP Professional, some of us won't be satisfied with

Microsoft's latest powertoy revision. Even X-Setup may not give us enough control

(despite its unrivaled power). Where, then, can we turn? To the operating system.

Enter "GPEDIT.MSC" in the Run command field. Now you'll be staring the Group

Policy editor straight in the face. From here, you can perform a myriad of tasks.

Change password policies for yourself and other users, edit user-specific

permissions, control Windows components like Netmeeting, Task Scheduler, and the

Windows Messenger. Heck, you can even change IE's Title Bar from here, too! Click

User Configuration | Windows Settings | Internet Explorer Maintenance | Browser

User Interface | Browser Title. Dude, I'm just scratching the surface here. Check it

out for yourself!

Passive FTP Compatibility

Once upon a time, there was a Gnomie named George who was having problems

with accessing FTP sites through Internet Explorer. George was getting very upset.

Once George stopped talking about himself in the third person, he turned to friends,

family members, and clerics for help. "Shortly after installing IE6, I was having

trouble opening some FTP sites that my friends were not having problems with. One

of them was able to come up with a solution. In Internet Explorer 6.0, I needed to

place a checkmark in the box next to "Use Passive FTP (for firewall and DSL modem

compatibility). This option can be found under Tools | Internet Options | Advanced |

Browsing. This was due to the fact that I was using a router and Zone Alarm for my

cable modem with Windows XP." George was free to return to his home, safe in the

knowledge that he, too, could finally gain access to those remote locations. If you

would like to get ahold of George to thank him for bringing this tip to light, he can be

found in the phone book under the pseudonym: 'Art Vandelay.'

NTFS versus FAT32

Ah, so you've finally decided to give Windows XP a whirl? Whether we like it or not,

the OS will be pre-installed on just about every new machine that comes off of the

assembly line. If you're taking a valid upgrade path, you're going to face a tough

decision soon: FAT32 or NTFS? The installation routine will ask you if you want to

change your file system. If you're unsure, stick with FAT32. You can always convert

at a later time within Windows XP. Anyway, let's go over some pros and cons, shall

we? FAT32 was the successor to FAT (FAT16), which enabled newer, larger hard

drives to be recognized by DOS / Windows. It also shrank cluster sizes considerably.

This particular number depends on the overall size of the drive (virtual or not); the

smaller the cluster, the less hard drive space is wasted. Have you ever right-clicked

on a file, see that it weighs in at a measly 523 bytes, but it takes up a whopping 32

kilobytes?! That's due to the drive's large cluster size, most likely on a large hard

disk which hasn't been partitioned into (smaller) virtual drives. Just one of the

reasons why Partition Magic is a dream come true for those who want to get the

most out of their hard drive(s). FAT32 is also unsecure; true encryption can't take

place at the system level.

NTFS, on the other hand, not only boasts smaller cluster sizes, but it also allows you

to set permissions for any file or folder on your drive(s). You don't want your

daughter messing with anything in this folder? Done. Don't want your husband to

see this file? Done. But, again, this is only for those using NTFS. Sounds great,

doesn't it? Yeah, it's awesome - but it's also slower than FAT32. The difference isn't

supremely noticeable, but there's definitely a slight performance tradeoff. To tell you

the truth, most - if not all - of my problems with the two hard drives in my system

disappeared when I formatted them (non-destructively) to NTFS. I haven't looked

back. Might wanna double-check your third-party system tools to make sure they'll

work on something other than FAT. And before you ask, yes... NTFS drives can

interact with FAT32 drives. Furo compresses his MP3 collection because they don't

need to be read very quickly from the disk in order to play well, and it saves him at

least some space. He'd never compress any database files or other data that

depends on faster read / write performance. There are actually some situations

where a slow disk and fast processor can result in slightly faster performance when

reading / writing compressed data. This is because the data is read from the disk in

smaller chunks, then decompressed by the fast processor.

Fear Uncertainty Doubt

By now, you've either accepted or rejected the FUD surrounding Windows XP's

Windows Product Activation. The truth: you can to change up to six pieces of

hardware every 120 days before WPA will wake up; the counter will reset itself every

four months, allowing you to make up to six MORE swaps. The code sent to Microsoft

is ambiguous; "0x37" could be a Maxtor DiamondMax Plus D740X or an IBM

Deskstar 75GXP. I think your Mom cares more about what kind of hardware you

have in your system. If there are deviations from this routine in the final code, we'll

let you know immediately. So, assuming you're going to be upgrading, should you go

for XP Home or Professional edition? That largely depends on what you want to do

with that system. Home can't handle multiple processors, but it also can't host a

Remote Desktop. However, it (and any other version of Windows) can control a

computer that runs Windows XP Professional with the Remote Desktop feature

enabled. This client will be available on the XPP disc. The Remote Desktop is quite

possibly the niftiest new tool built into Windows XP. With it, you can share a

clipboard, work on remote documents, use remote devices (like printers), run audio

programs on one computer and hear them on the other, and more.

Posted by srineelchowdary at 6:08 AM 0 comments Links to this post

Monday, September 17, 2007
XP Tricks & Tips-II


Posted by srineelchowdary at 2:15 AM 0 comments Links to this post

20 Ways to Keep Your Windows XP System Fresh
Microsoft's new Windows Vista operating system is almost here, but do you really need it? If you don't yet feel the need to invest in a new OS, or if your hardware doesn't meet Vista standards, you'll find that a regular maintenance regimen--along with an occasional checkup--will keep XP rolling along for years to come. In fact, a few simple tweaks can tip the scales in favor of keeping XP around while early-adoption pioneers work the bugs out of Vista.

These 20 tips will keep your XP system lean and mean by tuning its performance, minimizing some of its bells and whistles, and tweaking the six-year-old OS to bring it up to speed with more recent applications, such as media playback and wireless networking.

Tip 1: Get Off the Upgrade Bandwagon
If you constantly upgrade to the latest powerhouse versions of your favorite applications without also upgrading your hardware and Windows version, your system will seem older and creakier than ever. Instead of listening to the siren call of endless upgrades, stick with application versions that you know work well with your system.
In the same vein, consider turning off the auto-update features that so many applications have these days (with the exception of your firewall, antivirus, and anti-spyware tools). An example is Adobe Reader, which seems to phone home faster than you can open a file; to block automatic updates in Adobe Reader 7, click Edit, Preferences, Updates and select Do not automatically check for critical updates. Why should developers decide when and how you update your apps? If you're experiencing a specific problem with a program, or if you need a particular new feature, surf over to the vendor's Web site and download the upgrade manually.
Individual products use different methods to monitor for upgrades, so you'll have to check the documentation of each one. It also helps to have a tool like Startup Control Panel to help you remove software that runs in the background and constantly checks for updates. See December's Answer Line column, "Common PC Problems Solved: The Ultimate FAQ" for more on managing your auto-start apps.

Tip 2: Swap When You Need To

Windows designates a portion of hard-disk space as virtual memory (also called the "swapfile" or "pagefile") to supplement RAM. The OS assigns some virtual-memory space to all processes, and the virtual memory itself gets used even if some RAM is still available. Accessing a hard disk is always slower than using RAM, so if your system has oodles of memory, you may improve performance slightly by telling Windows not to use the pagefile for some of its own code until it has used up available RAM. How much memory is in an oodle? That depends on the number and types of applications you typically run on your system--but don't make this adjustment unless your PC has at least 1GB of RAM.
To make Windows use virtual memory only as a last resort, you have to edit the Windows Registry. And because anything can happen when you change your Registry, you must back it up first; see "Care and Feeding of the Windows Registry" for instructions. (Note that Microsoft recommends against eliminating your pagefile entirely.)With your Registry backup in place, choose Start, Run, type regedit, and press . In the tree pane on the left, navigate to and select HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\Memory Management. Double-click the Disable, Paging,Executive icon in the right pane. Change the '0' in the Value data box to 1, click OK, and restart your computer.For other ways to tweak virtual memory and get more out of your hardware, see Kirk Steers's performance advice in "Eight Fast, Simple Ways to Give Your PC More Pep."

Tip 3: Go With the NTFS Flow

If you've been hanging onto your old FAT32 hard-disk format, it's high time you switched to NTFS. Besides being faster and more secure, NTFS also gives you encryption, folder and disk compression, and other superior features. About the only reason to stick with FAT or FAT32 is if you need to be able to access your disk from DOS or Windows 98 (puh-leaze!)Don't worry; you can switch to NTFS without reformatting your hard disk and restoring your apps and data from a backup. Just choose Start, Run, type cmd.exe, and press to open a Command Prompt window. Now type convert followed by a space, the drive letter, a colon, another space, and finally /fs:ntfs. For example, enter convert c:/fs:ntfs if you want to convert your C: drive to NTFS.

Tip 4: Reset Your System Restore Priorities

System Restore has saved my bacon many times, so I reserve as much disk space as possible for its restore points. (Not everyone feels the way I do about System Restore, however, because it doesn't always work. Answer Line columnist Lincoln Spector discusses a System Restore alternative in his FAQ item "Why is My PC Acting Oddly?"To adjust the amount of disk space System Restore claims, right-click My Computer in Explorer or on the desktop and choose Properties. Click the System Restore tab and select a drive whose storage settings you want to change. Choose Settings, drag the slider to the desired level, and click OK twice. Refer to my article "Windows Hacks: Registry Remedies"; for more on tweaking your System Restore settings.
Tip 5: Relocate System Stuff

Some files--System Restore points, for example--must be stored on your Windows drive. But if you have multiple hard disks or partitions, you can free up space on your Windows drive by moving other system files elsewhere. Check out my strategies for doing so in "Five Steps to a Leaner, Cleaner Windows."

Tip 6: Sacrifice Hibernation

When you use Windows' hibernation feature to start up faster, the OS puts everything in RAM in a single hidden file named 'hiberfil.sys' on your hard disk. The file is roughly the same size as your RAM--for example, 512MB for a machine with 512MB of RAM. Like System Restore points, your hibernation file must be on the same drive as Windows. If you're running out of space on your Windows drive and you don't use the hibernation feature (or don't find it terribly useful), you can save a huge chunk of disk space by turning the feature off, and thereby deleting the hiberfil.sys file: Choose Start, Run, type powercfg.cpl, and press . Click the Hibernate tab, and uncheck Enable hibernation. Click OK.

Tip 7: Eliminate Clutter

The easiest way to keep your disks free of clutter is by using Windows' Disk Cleanup tool to create custom cleaners. This utility lets you discard the junk you don't want while keeping your Internet cache intact for optimum browsing performance, among other options. For details, see "Superscrub Your Drive Automatically."

Tip 8: Clean Deeper

Unfortunately, the Disk Cleanup tool misses certain temp files. Here's a little batch file to complete the task: Open Notepad or your favorite text editor and type del /s /q C:\Documents and Settings\Username\Local Settings\Temp\*.*", replacing 'Username' with the name of the user account and adjusting the drive letter as needed. Save the file with a name like deltemp.bat (be sure to use the .bat extension) and store it with your other batch files (if you don't have other batch files, your Desktop or any other easy-to-access folder will do). Then add the file to your Startup folder (Start, All Programs, Startup) so that it deletes the files every time you log in to Windows.

Tip 9: Clean Up the Backup

Be sure to check out the Disk Cleanup tool's advanced options, available on the More Options tab. For example, click More Options, and under System Restore, choose Clean up to delete all but your most recent restore point.

Tip 10: Avoid Musical Duplicates

If after ripping CDs in the Windows Media Audio (WMA) format, you decide to go with a tool like iTunes to interface with your portable music player, be aware that importing songs into iTunes means converting them to the Advanced Audio Coding (AAC) format, resulting in duplicate music files that will hog your hard disk. To save space, stick to one music player, or at least to one format (such as MP3) that multiple players can handle. Windows Media Player 10 can rip music in MP3 format without any additional software. To select the format for ripping music from CDs to hard drives in Windows Media Player, choose Tools, Options and click the Rip Music tab. Choose your desired option from the Format drop-down list and click OK.

Tip 11: More Music-Management Magic

Many people who have learned the joys of using their PC as a jukebox soon discover that they have scads of music files downloaded from the Web or ripped from their massive CD collection. To get your PC's music collection under control, check out my article "Six Quick Tips Help Tame Oversize Files and Folders."

Tip 12: Make Your System Multimedia-Friendly

On the other hand, you may be struggling to get a handle on the photos you've transferred from your digital camera. If so, check out "A Better Way to Manage Sound and Image Files" for ways to improve Windows Explorer's photo-management capabilities. (The article includes tips on previewing music and video files, too.) For more on previewing image files in a jiffy, see "Windows' Hidden Image Viewer."

Tip 13: Store Pics Online

Running out of room on your hard disk? Of course you should keep your photos backed up at home and with family members, but for little or no money (depending on the service), you may also be able to store and access your photos online, where it's much easier to share them with Uncle Bert and Aunt Ernie. Major players to check out include Flickr, Yahoo Photos, and Google's Picasa Web Albums).

Tip 14: Become a Wireless Wonder

If you just got a wireless router (a router that broadcasts a wireless signal) and want to set up a wireless network, you can use the wizard in Windows XP Service Pack 2 to accomplish just that: Choose Start, Programs (or All Programs), Accessories, Communications, Wireless Network Setup Wizard. But if you already have a wireless network and are just adding a laptop or other new device to receive the signal, don't bother with the wizard. You'll probably have better luck using the software and instructions that came with your wireless hardware for the installation and for subsequent additions.

Tip 15: Fix Glitches

Nevertheless, Windows' built-in wireless tools can be helpful. For example, to see what wireless networks are available to you, look for the wireless-network icon in your system tray (the part of the taskbar near the clock). If you don't see the icon, choose Start, Programs (or All Programs), Accessories, Communications, Network Connections. (Alternatively, you can open this window by right-clicking My Network Places in any Explorer window and choosing Properties.) Select the icon for your wireless connection and, in the task pane on the left, click Change settings of this connection. Check the box for Show icon in notification area when connected and click OK.Once you see the icon, it's a simple matter of right-clicking it and choosing View Available Wireless Networks. If this doesn't open the Wireless Network Connection window, the software for your network may be intercepting the command to display its own dialog box. If so, you can get to the Windows version by opening the Network Connections window (see steps above), selecting your connection, and clicking the View available wireless connections link in the task pane on the left.

If no networks are listed in the Wireless Network Connection window, or if you don't have a Wireless Networks tab in your wireless connections properties dialog box (right-click the connection icon in the Network Connections window and choose Properties to see whether you do), you may not have Windows' Wireless Zero Configuration service started. To fix that, choose Start, Run, type services.msc /s, and press . Find Wireless Zero Configuration in the list of services and double-click it. Choose Automatic from the Startup type drop-down list, click Apply, choose the Start button, and click OK. Finally, return to the Wireless Network Connection window (if it isn't still open) and click Refresh network list in the task pane on the left.

Tip 16: Jump From Signal to Signal With the Greatest of Ease

You may spend part of your day using your notebook computer on your home wireless network, another part of the day using the wireless signal at your office, and yet another block of time linked to a signal from your favorite coffee shop or Internet cafe. Do you really want to open your wireless hardware's utility (or Windows' own dialog boxes, for that matter) to switch networks manually each time you change locations? I think not. Fortunately, you can set up XP's wireless settings to connect to your favorite networks automatically when they are available, and even set the priority order.

To do so, right-click your network tray icon and choose View available wireless networks as described above. If you're already connected to a network that you normally use, the word 'Connected' and a yellow star will appear to the right of its name. If you don't see any other networks that you want to use, you may need to take your laptop to the location where you'll get the other signal that you commonly use and then return to this window.
Once you see a network that you are not currently connected to--but would like to use regularly--double-click its name in the Wireless Connections dialog box to initiate a connection. Enter any passwords or network keys you need. Repeat these steps for all wireless networks that you use regularly. As you do this, the network entries will get marked as 'Automatic' in the list of available networks.

While still in the Wireless Network Connection window, click Change the order of preferred networks in the task pane on the left. Doing so will open the Wireless Network Connection Properties box. In the Preferred networks list in the middle of the dialog box, select your most frequently used network and click Move up--repeatedly, if necessary--to move it to the top of the list. Continue selecting networks and using the Move up or Move down button until the list reflects the priority order you desire. Click OK.

The next time you move your notebook to a new location, Windows will try to link to your preferred, or automatic, networks in the specified order until it finds a connection, without any fuss or bother on your part.

Tip 17: Boost Your Bandwidth

Wireless networks continue to run faster and faster, but that doesn't mean you're PC is connected at your network's top speed. If you'd like to give your wireless network some pep, read Glenn Fleishman's "Beating the Wireless Blues."

Tip 18: Emulate Vista

Modernizing Windows may mean adding a few low- or no-cost enhancements. If your hardware can handle some degree of upgrading but you don't want to risk a whole new OS, check out these free and nearly free options to get some of the glitz that Vista offers.

Tip 19: Check Directory Sizes at a Glance with Folder Size

When you view Windows Explorer in Details view, the Size column shows the space consumed by individual files but provides no information on the size of directories. Not to worry. Rather than find a different file managing tool, just download and install the free Folder Size utility, which adds this feature to Windows Explorer. Once you've installed Folder Size, choose View, Choose Columns, and check the box for Folder Size. You may also want to uncheck the Size box, since this column is now superfluous. Click OK. The new Folder Size column will show the size of folders and of individual files. Calculating the size of large folders can take a while, which is probably why Microsoft never added the feature to begin with. Still, this approach is much better than having to open a Properties dialog box for each folder one at a time.

Tip 20: Master Maintenance

Ta-da! you've successfully re-engineered Windows XP to face the future. To keep it fresh, you need to get on a regular maintenance schedule. Fortunately, these days, you can set up your housekeeping chores to take care of themselves automatically. For detailed set-it-and-forget-it strategies, see my earlier columns "Check Your Disks for Errors, With a Single Click"--on automating disk scans--and "The Fast, Simple Way to Defragment Your Disks"--on disk defragging.

Posted by srineelchowdary at 12:54 AM 0 comments Links to this post

Microsoft Windows Xp - Command-Line Reference A-Z
CLICK BELOW LINK AND DOWNLOAD Microsoft Windows Xp - Command-Line Reference A-Z (pdf file)


Posted by srineelchowdary at 12:41 AM 0 comments Links to this post

SQL Client Configuration - cliconfg
System Configuration Editor - sysedit
System Configuration Utility - msconfig
System File Checker Utility (Scan Immediately)- sfc /scannow
System File Checker Utility (Scan Once At Next Boot)- sfc /scanonce
System File Checker Utility (Scan On Every Boot) - sfc /scanboot
System File Checker Utility (Return to Default Setting)- sfc /revert
System File Checker Utility (Purge File Cache)- sfc /purgecache
System File Checker Utility (Set Cache Size to size x)-sfc/cachesize=x
System Information- msinfo32
System Properties - sysdm.cpl
Task Manager - taskmgr
TCP Tester - tcptest
Telnet Client - telnet
Tweak UI (if installed) - tweakui
User Account Management- nusrmgr.cpl
Utility Manager - utilman
Windows Address Book - wab
Windows Address Book Import Utility - wabmig
Windows Backup Utility (if installed)- ntbackup
Windows Explorer - explorer
Windows Firewall- firewall.cpl
Windows Magnifier- magnify
Windows Management Infrastructure - wmimgmt.msc
Windows Media Player - wmplayer
Windows Messenger - msmsgs
Windows Picture Import Wizard (need camera connected)- wiaacmgr
Windows System Security Tool - syskey
Windows Update Launches - wupdmgr
Windows Version (to show which version of windows)- winver
Windows XP Tour Wizard - tourstart
Wordpad - write
Password Properties - password.cpl
Performance Monitor - perfmon.msc
Phone and Modem Options - telephon.cpl
Phone Dialer - dialer
Pinball Game - pinball
Power Configuration - powercfg.cpl
Printers and Faxes - control printers
Printers Folder - printers
Private Character Editor - eudcedit
Quicktime (If Installed)- QuickTime.cpl
Quicktime Player (if installed)- quicktimeplayer
Real Player (if installed)- realplay
Regional Settings - intl.cpl
Registry Editor - regedit
Registry Editor - regedit32
Remote Access Phonebook - rasphone
Remote Desktop - mstsc
Removable Storage - ntmsmgr.msc
Removable Storage Operator Requests - ntmsoprq.msc
Resultant Set of Policy (XP Prof) - rsop.msc
Scanners and Cameras - sticpl.cpl
Scheduled Tasks - control schedtasks
Security Center - wscui.cpl
Services - services.msc
Shared Folders - fsmgmt.msc
Shuts Down Windows - shutdown
Sounds and Audio - mmsys.cpl
Spider Solitare Card Game - spider
Malicious Software Removal Tool - mrt
Microsoft Access (if installed) - access.cpl
Microsoft Chat - winchat
Microsoft Excel (if installed) - excel
Microsoft Frontpage (if installed)- frontpg
Microsoft Movie Maker - moviemk
Microsoft Paint - mspaint
Microsoft Powerpoint (if installed)- powerpnt
Microsoft Word (if installed)- winword
Microsoft Syncronization Tool - mobsync
Minesweeper Game - winmine
Mouse Properties - control mouse
Mouse Properties - main.cpl
Nero (if installed)- nero
Netmeeting - conf
Network Connections - control netconnections
Network Connections - ncpa.cpl
Network Setup Wizard - netsetup.cpl
Notepad - notepad
Nview Desktop Manager (If Installed)- nvtuicpl.cpl
Object Packager - packager
ODBC Data Source Administrator- odbccp32.cpl
On Screen Keyboard - osk
Opens AC3 Filter (If Installed) - ac3filter.cpl
Outlook Express - msimn
Paint - pbrush
IP Configuration (Display Connection Configuration) - ipconfi/all
IP Configuration (Display DNS Cache Contents)- ipconfig /displaydns
IP Configuration (Delete DNS Cache Contents)- ipconfig /flushdns
IP Configuration (Release All Connections)- ipconfig /release
IP Configuration (Renew All Connections)- ipconfig /renew
IP Configuration(RefreshesDHCP&Re-RegistersDNS)-ipconfig/registerdns
IP Configuration (Display DHCP Class ID)- ipconfig/showclassid
IP Configuration (Modifies DHCP Class ID)- ipconfig /setclassid
Java Control Panel (If Installed)- jpicpl32.cpl
Java Control Panel (If Installed)- javaws
Keyboard Properties - control keyboard
Local Security Settings - secpol.msc
Local Users and Groups - lusrmgr.msc
Logs You Out Of Windows - logoff.....
Accessibility Controls - access.cpl
Accessibility Wizard - accwiz
Add Hardware - Wizardhdwwiz.cpl
Add/Remove Programs - appwiz.cpl
Administrative Tools control - admintools
Adobe Acrobat (if installed) - acrobat
Adobe Designer (if installed)- acrodist
Adobe Distiller (if installed)- acrodist
Adobe ImageReady (if installed)- imageready
Adobe Photoshop (if installed)- photoshop
Automatic Updates - wuaucpl.cpl
Bluetooth Transfer Wizard - fsquirt
Calculator - calc
Certificate Manager - certmgr.msc
Character Map - charmap
Check Disk Utility - chkdsk
Clipboard Viewer - clipbrd
Command Prompt - cmd
Component Services - dcomcnfg
Computer Management - compmgmt.msc
Control Panel - control
Date and Time Properties - timedate.cpl
DDE Shares - ddeshare
Device Manager - devmgmt.msc
Direct X Control Panel (If Installed)- directx.cpl
Direct X Troubleshooter- dxdiag
Disk Cleanup Utility- cleanmgr
Disk Defragment- dfrg.msc
Disk Management- diskmgmt.msc
Disk Partition Manager- diskpart
Display Properties- control desktop
Display Properties- desk.cpl
Display Properties (w/Appearance Tab Preselected)- control color
Dr. Watson System Troubleshooting Utility- drwtsn32
Driver Verifier Utility- verifier
Event Viewer- eventvwr.msc
Files and Settings Transfer Tool- migwiz
File Signature Verification Tool- sigverif
Findfast- findfast.cpl
Firefox (if installed)- firefox
Folders Properties- control folders
Fonts- control fonts
Fonts Folder- fonts
Free Cell Card Game- freecell
Game Controllers- joy.cpl
Group Policy Editor (XP Prof)- gpedit.msc
Hearts Card Game- mshearts
Help and Support- helpctr
HyperTerminal- hypertrm
Iexpress Wizard- iexpress
Indexing Service- ciadv.msc
Internet Connection Wizard- icwconn1
Internet Explorer- iexplore
Internet Properties- inetcpl.cpl
Internet Setup Wizard- inetwiz

Posted by srineelchowdary at 12:23 AM 0 comments Links to this post

Sunday, September 16, 2007
Windows XP/2000 Commands & Tools

Here's the ultimate Windows XP/2000 command list that will make any Linux user feel at home at the command prompt. A lot of these commands are intended for administrating a network, but they are great for savvy home users as well. We even listed which OS you need for these commands.

At (windows XP/2000)
Scheduling utility.
bootcfg (XP only)
This utility allows you to set up your boot options, such as your default OS and other loading options.
cacls (XP, 2000, & NT4.0)
Changes the ACLs (security Settings) of files and folders. Very similar to chmod in Linux.
comp (XP & 2000)
This utility is very similar to diff in Linux. Use the /? switch to get examples of command usage.
contig (works with NT4.0 and newer)
A great defrag utility for NTFS partitions.
control (XP only) - unpublished!
Allows you to launch control panel applets from the command line.
Control userpasswords2, for example will launch a helpful local user admin utility.

Defrag (XP only - NT4.0 and Win2k use contig)
Yes, XP comes with a command line disk defrag utility. If you are running Win2k or NT4.0 there is still hope. Contig is a free defrag program that I describe on the defrag page.
diskpart (XP only)
Use this command to manage your disk partitions. This is the text version for the GUI Disk Manager.
driverquery (XP only)
Produces a list of drivers, their properties, and their versions. Great for computer documentation.
eudcedit (XP only) -
Private Character editor. Yes with this program built into Windows XP you can create your own font!

Find String - similar to Linux's Grep.
fsutil (XP only) - unpublished!
This is a utility with a lot of capability. Come back soon for great examples.
getmac (XP & 2000)
This command gets the Media Access Control (MAC) address of your network cards.
gpresult (XP & 2000)
This generates a summary of the user settings and computer group policy settings.
gpupdate (XP only)
Use this utility to manually apply computer and user policy from your windows 2000 (or newer) domain.
ipconfig (XP, 2000 & NT4.0)
This handy tool displays IP settings of the current computer and much more.
MMC (XP, 2000 & NT4.0) - Microsoft Management Console
This is the master tool for Windows, it is the main interface in which all other tools use starting primarily in Windows 2000 and newer systems.
Utility used to display text output one screen at a time. Ex. more c:\windows\win.ini
msconfig (XP only)
The ultimate tool to change the services and utilities that start when your Windows machine boots up. You can also copy the executable from XP and use it in Win2k.
msinfo32 (XP &smp; 2000)
An awesome diagnostic tool. With it you can get a list of running processes, including the residing path of the executable (great for manually removing malware) and get detailed information about hardware and system diagnostics.
narrator (XP only)
Turns on the system narrator (can also be found in accessibility options in control panel). Will will allow your computer to dictate text to you.
netsh (XP & 2000)
A network configuration tool console. At the 'netsh>' prompt, use the '?' to list the available commands and type "exit" to get back to a command prompt.
netstat (XP)
A local network port tool - try netstat -ano.
nslookup (all)
A DNS name resolution tool.
openfiles (XP Only)
Allows an administrator to display or disconnect open files in XP professional. Type "openfiles /?" for a list of possible parameters.
Pathping (XP & 2000)
A cross between the ping and traceroute utilities. Who needs Neotrace when you can use this? Type "pathping " and watch it go.
recover (XP & 2000)
This command can recover readable information from a damaged disk and is very easy to use.
reg (XP & 2000)
A console registry tool, great for scripting Registry edits.
sc (XP & 2000)
A command line utility called the Service Controller. A power tool to make service changes via a logon/logoff or startup/shutdown script.
schtasks (XP only)
A newer version of the AT command. This allows an administrator to schedule and manage scheduled tasks on a local and remote machines.
secedit (XP & 2000)
Use this utility to manually apply computer and user policy from your windows 2000 (or newer) domain. Example to update the machine policy: secedit /refreshpolicy machine_policy /enforce
To view help on this, just type secedit.
NOTE: In Windows XP SP1 and news, this command is superceded by: gpupdate /force
sfc (XP & 2000)
The system file checker scans important system files and replaces the ones you (or your applications) hacked beyond repair with the real, official Microsoft versions.
shutdown (XP & 2000)
With this tool, You can shut down or restart your own computer, or an administrator can shut down or restart a remote computer.
sigverif (XP only)
Microsoft has created driver signatures. A signed driver is Microsoft tested and approved. With the sigverif tool you can have all driver files analyzed to verify that they are digitally signed. Just type 'sigverif' at the command prompt.
systeminfo (XP only)
Basic system configuration information, such as the system type, the processor type, time zone, virtual memory settings, system uptime, and much more. This program is great for creating an inventory of computers on your network.
sysedit (XP/2000)
System Configuration File Editor. An old tool that was very handy for the Windows 9X days. msconfig is what you want to use now.
tasklist (XP pro only)
Tasklist is the command console equivalent to the task manager in windows. It is a must have when fighting scumware and viruses. Try the command:
tasklist /svc
to view the memory resources your services take up.
taskkill (XP only)
Taskkill contains the rest of the task manager functionality. It allows you to kill those unneeded or locked up applications.
tree (XP & 2000)
An amazing experience everyone should try! This command will provide a 'family tree' style display of the drive/folder you specify.
WMIC (XP & 2000)
Windows Management Instrumentation Command tool. This allows you to pull an amazing amount of low-level system information from a command line scripting interface.
Of course this list in note exhaustive. We wanted to focus on tools that are particularly helpful that everyone would use. For the official list, please visit:
Microsoft Windows XP Pro Command Reference

If you think these commands was handy, check out our list of helpful Windows Shortcut Keys.

Posted by srineelchowdary at 8:21 PM 0 comments Links to this post




The below basic shortcut keys are a listing of shortcut keys that will work
with almost all IBM compatible computers and software programs. It is highly
recommended that all users keep a good reference of the below short cut keys
and/or try to memorize the below keys. Doing so will dramatically increase
your productivity.

*Shortcut Keys*

*Alt + F*
File menu options in current program.
*Alt + E*
Edit options in current program
Universal Help in almost every Windows program.
*Ctrl + A*
Select all text.
*Ctrl + X*
Cut selected item.
*Shift + Del*
Cut selected item.
*Ctrl + C*
Copy selected item.
*Ctrl + Ins*
Copy selected item
*Ctrl + V*
*Shift + Ins*
Goes to beginning of current line.
*Ctrl + Home*
Goes to beginning of document.
Goes to end of current line.
*Ctrl + End*
Goes to end of document.
*Shift + Home*
Highlights from current position to beginning of line.
*Shift + End*
Highlights from current position to end of line.
*Ctrl + Left arrow*
Moves one word to the left at a time.
*Ctrl + Right arrow *
Moves one word to the right at a time.
If you're looking for shortcut keys or information about how to navigate
Microsoft Windows using your keyboard instead of the mouse see document
CH000791 .

*Shortcut Keys*
*Operating System*
*Alt + Tab*
3.X /
98 /
2000 /

Switch between open applications.

*Alt + Shift + Tab*
3.X /
98 /
2000 /

Switch backwards between open applications.

*Alt + Print Screen *

3.X /
98 /
2000 /

Create a screen shot
only for the
program you are currently in.

*Ctrl + Alt + Del*

3.X /
98 /
2000 /

Reboot the computer and/or
bring up the Windows task
*Ctrl + Esc*

95 /
NT /

Bring Up start menu.

*Alt + Esc*

95 /
NT /

Switch Between open applications on taskbar.


3.X /
98 /
2000 /

Renames selected Icon.


95 /
NT /

Starts find from desktop.


95 /
NT /

Opens the drive selection when browsing.


95 /
NT /

Refresh Contents.

*Alt + F4*

3.X /
98 /
2000 /

Closes Current open program.

*Ctrl + F4*

3.X /
98 /
2000 /

Closes Window in Program.

*Ctrl + (the '+' key on the

98 /
2000 /

Automatically adjust the widths of all the columns in Windows explorer

*Alt + Enter*

95 /
NT /

Opens properties window of selected icon or program.

*Shift + F10*

95 /
NT /

Simulates right-click on selected item.

*Shift + Del *

95 /
NT /

Delete programs/files without throwing into the recycle bin.

*Holding Shift*

3.X /
98 /
2000 /

Boot safe mode or by pass system files.

*Holding Shift*

95 /
NT /

When putting in an audio CD, will prevent CD Player from playing.


Below is a listing of Windows keys that can be used on computers running a
Microsoft Windows operating system and
using a keyboard with a Windows
In the below list of shortcuts, the Windows key is represented by "WINKEY".
If you are looking for Windows shortcut keys, see the above Microsoft
Windows shortcut key section .

*Shortcut Keys *



Brings the desktop to the
top of all other windows.

Minimizes all windows.
Undo the minimize done by WINKEY + M and WINKEY + D.
Open Microsoft Explorer.
*WINKEY + Tab*

Cycle through open programs through the


Display the Windows Search / Find feature.

Display the search for computers window.
Display the Microsoft Windows help.
Open the run window.
*WINKEY + Pause / Break key *
Open the system properties window.
Open Utility Manager.
Lock the computer (Windows XP and above only).

See our Microsoft Excel page for
additional help and information.

Shortcut Keys
Edit the selected cell.
Goto a specific cell. For example, C6.
Spell check selected text and/or document.
Create chart.
*Ctrl + Shift + ;*
Enter the current time.
*Ctrl + ;*
Enter the current date.
*Alt + Shift + F1*
Insert New Worksheet.
*Shift + F3*
Open the Excel formula window.
*Shift + F5*
Bring up search box.
*Ctrl + A*
Select all contents of the worksheet.
*Ctrl + B*
Bold highlighted selection.
*Ctrl + I*
Italic highlighted selection.
*Ctrl + K*
Insert link.
*Ctrl + U*
Underline highlighted selection.
*Ctrl + 5*
Strikethrough highlighted selection.
*Ctrl + P*
Bring up the print dialog box to begin printing.
*Ctrl + Z*
Undo last action.
*Ctrl + F9*
Minimize current window.
*Ctrl + F10*
Maximize currently selected window.
*Ctrl + F6*
Switch between open workbooks / windows.
*Ctrl + Page up*
Move between Excel work sheets in the same Excel document.
*Ctrl + Page down*
Move between Excel work sheets in the same Excel document.
*Ctrl + Tab*
Move between Two or more open Excel files.
*Alt + =*
Create a formula to sum all of the above cells
*Ctrl + '*
Insert the value of the above cell into cell currently selected.
*Ctrl + Shift + !*
Format number in comma format.
*Ctrl + Shift + $*
Format number in currency format.
*Ctrl + Shift + #*
Format number in date format.
*Ctrl + Shift + %*
Format number in percentage format.
*Ctrl + Shift + ^*
Format number in scientific format.
*Ctrl + Shift + @*
Format number in time format.
*Ctrl + Arrow key *
Move to next section of text.
*Ctrl + Space*
Select entire column .
*Shift + Space*
Select entire row .
See our Microsoft Word
pagefor additional
help and information.
Shortcut Keys
*Ctrl + A*
Select all contents of the page.
*Ctrl + B*
Bold highlighted selection.
*Ctrl + C*
Copy selected text.
*Ctrl + X*
Cut selected text.
*Ctrl + P*
Open the print window.
*Ctrl + F*
Open find box.
*Ctrl + I*
Italic highlighted selection.
*Ctrl + K*
Insert link.
*Ctrl + U*
Underline highlighted selection.
*Ctrl + V*
*Ctrl + Y*
Redo the last action performed.
*Ctrl + Z*
Undo last action.
*Ctrl + L*
Aligns the line or selected text to the left of the screen.
*Ctrl + E*
Aligns the line or selected text to the center of the screen.
*Ctrl + R*
Aligns the line or selected text to the right of the screen.
*Ctrl + M*
Indent the paragraph.
*Ctrl + Shift + F*
Change the font.
*Ctrl + Shift + >*
Increase selected font +1pts up to 12pt and then increases font +2pts.
*Ctrl + ]*
Increase selected font +1pts.
*Ctrl + Shift + <*
Decrease selected font -1pts if 12pt or lower, if above 12 decreases font by
*Ctrl + [*
Decrease selected font -1pts.
*Ctrl + Shift + **
View or hide non printing characters.
*Ctrl + *
Moves one word to the left.
*Ctrl + *
Moves one word to the right.
*Ctrl + *
Moves to the beginning of the line or paragraph.
*Ctrl + *
Moves to the end of the paragraph.
*Ctrl + Del*
Deletes word to right of cursor.
*Ctrl + Backspace*
Deletes word to left of cursor.
*Ctrl + End*
Moves the cursor to the end of the document.
*Ctrl + Home*
Moves the cursor to the beginning of the document.
*Ctrl + Spacebar*
Reset highlighted text to the default font.
*Ctrl + 1*
Single-space lines.
*Ctrl + 2*
Double-space lines.
*Ctrl + 5*
1.5-line spacing.
*Ctrl + Alt + 1*
Changes text to heading 1.
*Ctrl + Alt + 2*
Changes text to heading 2.
*Ctrl + Alt + 3*
Changes text to heading 3.
*Ctrl + F1*
Open the Task Pane .
Open Help.
*Shift + F3*
Change the case of the selected text.
*Shift + Insert*
Repeat the last action performed (Word 2000+)
Open goto window.
Spell check selected text and/or document.
*Shift + F7*
Activate the thesaurus.
Save as.
*Shift + F12*
*Alt + Shift + D*
Insert the current date.
*Alt + Shift + T*
Insert the current time.
* Mouse Shortcuts*
*Click, hold, and drag*
Selects text from where you click and hold to the point you drag and let go.
If double-click a word, selects the complete word.
Double-clicking on the left, center, or right of a blank line will make the
lignment of the text left, center, or right aligned.

Double-clicking anywhere after text on a line will set a tab
Selects the line or paragraph of the text the mouse triple-clicked.
*Ctrl + Mouse wheel*
Zooms in and out of document.
See our Microsoft Internet Explorer
pagefor additional help
and information.
*Shortcut Keys*
*Alt + Left Arrow*
Back a page.
*Alt + Right Arrow*
Forward a page.
Refresh current page / frame.
Display the current website in full screen mode. Pressing F11 again will
exit this mode.
Stop page or download from loading.
*Ctrl + Enter*
Quickly complete an address. For example, type computerhope in the address
bar and press CTRL + ENTER to get http://www.computer hope.com.
*Ctrl + N*
Open New browser window.
*Ctrl + P*
Print current page / frame.
Moves down a page at a time.
*Shift + Spacebar*
Moves up a page at a time.
See our Microsoft FrontPage page for
additional help and information.
*Shortcut Keys*
*Ctrl + C*
Copy selected text.
*Ctrl + X*
Cut selected text.
*Ctrl + P*
Paste selected text.
*Ctrl + K*
Create a hyperlink.
*Ctrl + B*
Bold highlighted selection.
*Ctrl + I *
Italic highlighted selection.
*Ctrl + U*
Underline highlighted selection.
*Ctrl + L*
Left align the text.
*Ctrl + R*
Right align the text.
*Ctrl + E*
Center the text.
*Ctrl + /*
Display HTML tags.
*Ctrl + S*
Save document.
*Ctrl + Tab*
Switch between open web pages.
*Ctrl + Ins*
Enter Line break.
*Ctrl + Enter*
Move cursor above or below a table.
*Ctrl + Shift + B*
Preview in web browser window.
*Ctrl + Shift + <*
Decrease font size.
*Ctrl + Shift + >*
Increase font size.
*Ctrl + Del*
Deletes word to right of cursor.
*Ctrl + Backspace*
Deletes word to left of cursor.
See our Microsoft Outlook
pagefor additional
help and information.
Shortcut Keys
*Alt + S*
Send the e-mail
*Ctrl + C*
Copy selected text.
*Ctrl + X*
Cut selected text.
*Ctrl + P*
Paste selected text.
*Ctrl + K*
Complete the name and/or e-mail being typed in the e-mail address bar.
*Ctrl + B*
Bold highlighted selection
*Ctrl + I*
Italic highlighted selection
*Ctrl + U*
Underline highlighted selection
*Ctrl + R*
Reply to an e-mail.
*Ctrl + F*
Forward an e-mail.
*Ctrl + N*
Create a new e-mail.
*Ctrl + Shift + A*
Create a new appointment to your calendar.
*Ctrl + Shift + O*
Open the Outbox.
*Ctrl + Shift + I*
Open the Inbox.
*Ctrl + Shift + K*
Add a new task.
*Ctrl + Shirt + C*
Create a new contact.
*Ctrl + Shift + J*
Create a new journal entry.
*Keep Smiling*
[image: tweety-cute- trans]*Chaitanya .Y*

Posted by srineelchowdary at 9:22 AM 0 comments Links to this post

Saturday, September 15, 2007

Posted by srineelchowdary at 2:15 AM 0 comments Links to this post

Friday, September 14, 2007

Internet Explorer 7.0 is the long awaited tabbed web browser by Microsoft. Nearly four years after the release of Internet Explorer 6.0, in the face of growing competition from Mozilla's Firefox, Microsoft has finally given the old IE platform a facelift. Optimized design along with new cool interface, favorites centre, search box, RSS feeds and most importantly easy to use tabbed browsing are the exclusive features of this new internet explorer.

You must have Windows XP Service Pack-2 (SP2) in order to install Internet Explorer 7.0. But still you will face a problem while installing this new Internet Explorer if your copy of Windows XP is not a genuine (non-pirated) one, since IE 7.0 installation requires genuine windows validation!!! So what to do??? Don’t worry… There are some tricky steps through which you can install IE 7.0 even in your pirated copy of windows XP bypassing the genuine windows validation. You just have to follow the following steps one by one:

Download Internet Explorer 7.0 installer from the Microsoft site. You have to choose Windows XP Service Pack 2 (SP2) as your operating system. Remember you can’t install IE 7.0 if service pack 2.0 is not installed in your operating system. And if you are facing genuine windows validation problem while downloading IE7 installer from the Microsoft site, can also download this installer alternatively from here or directly from here.
Extract the downloaded Internet Explorer setup file (IE7-WindowsXP-x86-enu.exe) using WinRAR to a directory (IE7-WindowsXP-x86-enu).
Download the patched iecustom.dll and then copy-paste it to the update folderyes when asked to overwrite. (IE7-WindowsXP-x86-enu\update\) and click
Now, download normaliz.exe . Then copy this exe file and paste it in your “c:\” drive.
Run ‘update.exe’ in the update folder (not iesetup.exe!!!). At the end, you have to choose ‘Restart Later’ (not Restart Now) option to finish the running process of the exe file.
Now you have to download normaliz.dll and then copy-paste it to “c:\windows\system32\” directory (in order to prevent problems with the file not being found after the installation). And then reboot/restart your pc.
After rebooting your pc, you may face a problem with a file called normaliz.dll that can not be found by explorer.exe. If you’re having this problem, you will find your desktop blank.(If you are not facing this problem then just go to step 8) In order to fix this problem, you have to do the following things one by one:
Press ctrl-alt-del to go to the task manager.
Go to “File -> New Task (Run…)” in the task manager.
Type: ‘C:\normaliz.exe’ (excluding quotation marks) in the ‘open’ field and then press the ‘ok’ button.
‘WinZip Self-Extractor - normalize.exe’ window should popped up and then press the ‘unzip’ button.
Reboot your pc and yahoo!!! now you can see your desktop contents!!!.
Now you have to run ‘xmllitesetup.exe’ in the update folder. This step is very important, because somehow if you forget to run this ‘xmllitesetup.exe’ , IE 7.0 will be installed in your PC without it's toolbar!!!
Then reboot your pc again, run Internet Explorer…and you are done!!!