Saturday, December 22, 2007

IP Address Hack, n all bt it !!

IP Address Hack, n all bt it !!


also visit contd Page
IP Hack contd..



In here I have figure out some very easy but cool ways to trace out the geographical location and various other infos like ISP details etc of a remote computer using its IP.

Well I guess its one of the most important must learn manul for boys out there if you want to impress your friends particularly gals whom you’ll meet online in a chat room and tell them their geographical locations and ISP details and make them surprised and impressed .

In the practical execution of this manual you don’t have to work much as it is very simple only you have to use your brain to understand some symbols and some format of expressions and use your IQ to execute things the right way.



What is IP and how to get the IP of a remote system::



Getting the IP or Internet Protocol of a remote system is the most important and the first step of hacking into it. Probably it is the first thing a hacker do to get info for researching on a system. Well IP is a unique number assigned to each computer on a network. It is this unique address which represents the system on the network. Generally the IP of a particular system changes each time you log on to the network by dialing to your ISP and it is assigned to you by your ISP. IP of a system which is always on the network remains generally the same. Generally those kind of systems are most likely to suffer a hacking attack because of its stable IP. Using IP you can even execute system commands on the victim’s computer.

Lets take the example of the following IP address: 202.144.49.110 Now the first part, the numbers before the first decimal i.e. 209 is the Network number or the Network Prefix.. This means that it identifies the number of the network in which the host is. The second part i.e. 144 is the Host Number that is it identifies the number of the host within the Network. This means that in the same Network, the network number is same. In order to provide flexibility in the size of the Network, here are different classes of IP addresses:



Address Class Dotted Decimal Notation Ranges

Class A ( /8 Prefixes) 1.xxx.xxx.xxx through 126.xxx.xxx.xxx

Class B ( /16 Prefixes) 128.0.xxx.xxx through 191.255.xxx.xxx

Class C ( /24 Prefixes) 192.0.0.xxx through 223.255.255.xxx



The various classes will be clearer after reading the next few lines.



Each Class A Network Address contains a 8 bit Network Prefix followed by a 24-bit host number. They are considered to be primitive. They are referred to as "/8''s" or just "8's" as they have an 8-bit Network prefix.

In a Class B Network Address there is a 16 bit Network Prefix followed by a 16-bit Host number. It is referred to as "16's".



A class C Network address contains a 24-bit Network Prefix and a 8 bit Host number. It is referred to as

"24's" and is commonly used by most ISP's.



Due to the growing size of the Internet the Network Administrators faced many problems. The Internet routing tables were beginning to grow and now the administrators had to request another network number from the Internet before a new network could be installed at their site. This is where sub-netting came in.



Now if your ISP is a big one and if it provides you with dynamic IP addresses then you will most probably see that whenever you log on to the net, your IP address will have the same first 24 bits and only the last 8 bits will keep changing. This is due to the fact that when sub-netting comes in then the IP Addresses structure becomes:



xxx.xxx.zzz.yyy



where the first 2 parts are Network Prefix numbers and the zzz is the Subnet number and the yyy is the host number. So you are always connected to the same Subnet within the same Network. As a result the first 3 parts will remain the same and only the last part i.e. yyy is variable.

***********************



For Example, if say an ISP xyz is given the IP: 203.98.12.xx Network address then you can be awarded any IP, whose first three fields are 203.98.12. Get it?



So, basically this means that each ISP has a particular range in which to allocate all its subscribers. Or in other words, all subscribers or all people connected to the internet using the same ISP, will have to be in this range. This in effect would mean that all people using the same ISP are likely to have the same first three fields of their IP Addresses.



This means that if you have done a lot of (By this I really mean a lot) of research, then you could figure out which ISP a person is using by simply looking at his IP. The ISP name could then be used to figure out the city and the country of the person. Right? Let me take an example to stress as to how cumbersome but easy (once the research is done) the above method can be.



In my country, say there are three main ISP’s:



ISP Name Network Address Allotted



ISP I 203.94.47.xx

ISP II 202.92.12.xx

ISP III 203.91.35.xx



Now, if I get to know the IP of an e-pal of mine, and it reads: 203.91.35.12, then I can pretty easily figure out that he uses ISP III to connect to the internet. Right? You might say that any idiot would be able to do this. Well, yes and no. You see, the above method of finding out the ISP of a person was successful only because we already had the ISP and Network Address Allotted list with us. So, what my point is, that the above method can be successful only after a lot of research and experimentation. And, I do think such research can be helpful sometimes.



Also, this would not work, if you take it all on in larger scale. What if the IP that you have belongs to someone living in a remote igloo in the North Pole? You could not possibly get the Network Addresses of all the ISP’s in the world, could you? If yes please send it to me J.



Well now I guess you have pretty good knowledge about what an IP is and what you can do by knowing the IP of a remote system. Now lets come to the point of finding out the IP of remote system.

Well you can easily figure out the IP of a remote system using the netstat utility available in the microsoft’s version of DOS. The netstat command shows the connections in which your system is engaged to and the ports they are using. Suppose you are checking your mail in hotmail and you want to find out the IP of msn. All you need to do is to open a dos window (command.com) and type netstat. You will see all the open connections of your system. There you will see something :



Proto Local Address Foreign Address State

TCP abhisek:1031 64.4.xx.xx:80 ESTABLISHED



Now you got the IP address of hotmail ass 64.4.xx.xx .

Similarly you can figure out the IP address of most http or ftp connections.



To know your own IP type the following command in a dos windows

C:\netstat –n

[this commands converts the IP name into IP addresses]

this is what you will probably see on typing the above command :



Proto Local Address Foreign Address State

TCP 203.xx.251.161:1031 194.1.129.227:21 ESTABLISHED

TCP 203.xx.251.161:1043 207.138.41.181:80 FIN_WAIT_2

TCP 203.xx.251.161:1053 203.94.243.71:110 TIME_WAIT

TCP 203.xx.251.161:1058 194.1.129.227:20 TIME_WAIT

TCP 203.xx.251.161:1069 203.94.243.71:110 TIME_WAIT

TCP 203.xx.251.161:1071 194.98.93.244:80 ESTABLISHED

TCP 203.xx.251.161:1078 203.94.243.71:110 TIME_WAIT



Here 203.xx.251.161 is your IP address.



Now lets clarify the format used by netstat :



Proto : It shows the type of protocol the connection with the remote system is using.

Here TCP (transmission control protocol) is the protocol used by my system to connect to other systems.



Local Address : It shows the local address ie the local IP. When the netstat command is executed without –n switch then the name of the local system is displayed and when the netstat is executed with –n switch then the IP of the local system is displayed. Here you can also find out the port used by the connection.

xxx.yyy.zzz.aaa:1024

in this format you will see the local address. Here 1024 is the port to which the remote system is connected in your system



Foreign Address :: It shows the IP address of the remote system to which your system is connected. In this case also if the netstat command is excuted with –n switch then you directly get the IP of the victim but if the netstat is executed without –n switch then you will get the address of the remote system. Something like



C:\netstat

Proto Local Address Foreign Address State

TCP abhisek:1031 msgr.lw4.gs681.hotmail.com:80 ESTABLISHED



Here msgr.lw4.gs681.hotmail.com is the address of the foreign system . putting this address in any IP lookup program and doing a whois lookup will reveal the IP of the remote system.



Note: The port to which your system is connected can be found from this in the same way as I have shown in the case of local address. The difference is that, this is the port of the remote system to which your computer is connected to.

Below I have produced a list of ports and popular services generally found to be running.

21 :: FTP port

80 :: http port

23 :: Telnet port



Note: If your execute the netstat command and find ports like 12345,27374 are open and are in use then make it sure that your sweat heart computer is infected with her boyfriend.. J J J J I mean your computer is infected with some sort of Trojan.

Below I have produced a list of commonly known Trojans and the ports they use by default. So if you find these ports open then get a good virus buster and get these stupid servers of the Trojans kicked out. Well if you want to play with these Trojan by keeping them in your computer but not letting them ruin your system performance then just disble it from the system registry run and they wont be loaded to memory each time when windows starts up[This trick doesn’t work for all Trojans].



Netbus :: 12345(TCP)

Subseven :: 27374(TCP)

Girl Friend :: 21554(TCP)

Back Oriface :: 31337 (UDP)



Well guys and gals I hope you are now well familiar with the term IP and what is the utility of IP in cyber world and how to get the IP of a remote system to which you are connected. I hope you find my writings very easy to undertstand. I know I lack the capacity of explaining myself but I try my level best to make things very easy and clear for you’ll.



How to get the IP of a remote system while chatting through msn messenger ::



This is a tutorial on how to get IP address from MSN messenger. This is actually
a really easy thing to do. It is not like going through the hard time and reversing
MSN messenger like many people think.

The IP address is only given when you accept or are sending a file through MSN
messenger. When you send IM's, the message is sent through the server thus hiding
your victims IP and your. But when you send a file or recieve a file, it is direct
connection between the two computers.

To obtain the IP accept a file transfer or send a file to the victim, when the file
sending is under way from the dos prompt type "netstat" without the quotation marks.
You should get a table like this:

Proto Local Address Foreign Address State
TCP kick:1033 msgr-ns29.msgr.hotmail.com:1863 ESTABLISHED
TCP kick:1040 msgr-sb36.msgr.hotmail.com:1863 ESTABLISHED
TCP kick: ESTABLISHED

The top name in the list is the server's address for IMing. There could be many of
the second name in the list, as a new connection is made to the server for every
room you are IMing to. You are looking for the address of the remote host in
this table it may be something similar to "host63-7-102-226.ppp.cal.vsnl.com" or “203..64.90.6”.
without the quotation marks.
All you need to do now is to put this address in you IP lookup programe and get the IP of the remote system.


Well 50%of the work is done now. Now you know how to get the IP of a remote system, so its time to trace it down and find some details about the IP.



Tracing an IP is quite simple. You can do it the easy way by using some sweet softwares like Visual Trace 6.0b

[ftp://ftp.visualware.com/pub/vr/vr.exe]

Neotrace

[http://www.neoworx.com/download/NTX325.exe]

or by our way ie. Using MS DOS or any other version of DOS.

Well I suggest you to use DOS and its tracert tool for tracing the IP cause using it will give you a clear conception about the art of tracing an IP and I guarantee that you will feel much satisfied on success than using a silly software. Furthur you will know how things work and how the IP is traced down and the different networks associated in this tracing process.



Let us take a look at tracert tool provided for DOS by Microsoft.

It is a very handy tool for peoples need to trace down an IP.

Just open any DOS windows and type tracert.



C:\windows>tracert



Usage: tracert [-d] [-h maximum_hops] [-j host-list] [-w timeout] target_name


Options:

-d Do not resolve addresses to hostnames.

-h maximum_hops Maximum number of hops to search for target.

-j host-list Loose source route along host-list.

-w timeout Wait timeout milliseconds for each reply.


You will now see a description of the tracert command and the switches associated with it.

Well these switches doesn’t makes much difference. All you can do is to increase the timeout in milliseconds by using –w switch if you are using a slow connection and the –d switch if you wish not resolve address to hostnames by default.

By default tracert performs a maximum of 30 hops trace. Using the –h switch you can specify the number of hops to perform.

Now its time for execution.

Let us trace down the IP yahoo.com [216.115.108.243]



TIP: If you have done a long research (I mean a lot) then simply looking at the IP you can figure out some info from it. For example the IP 203.90.68.8 indicates that the system is in India. In India IPs generally begin with 203 and 202



C:\WINDOWS>tracert yahoo.com



Tracing route to yahoo.com [216.115.108.243] over a maximum of 30 hops:



1 308 ms 142 ms 127 ms 203.94.246.35

2 140 ms 135 ms * 203.94.246.1

3 213 ms 134 ms 132 ms 203.94.255.33

4 134 ms 130 ms 129 ms 203.200.64.29

5 122 ms 135 ms 131 ms 203.200.87.75

6 141 ms 137 ms 121 ms 203.200.87.15

7 143 ms 170 ms 154 ms vsb-delhi-stm1.Bbone.vsnl.net.in [202.54.2.241]

8 565 ms 589 ms 568 ms if-7-0.bb8.NewYork.Teleglobe.net [207.45.198.65]

9 596 ms 584 ms 600 ms if-3-0.core2.NewYork.teleglobe.net [207.45.221.66]

10 * * * Request timed out.

11 703 ms 701 ms 719 ms if-3-0.core2.PaloAlto.Teleglobe.net [64.86.83.205]

12 694 ms 683 ms 681 ms if-6-1.core1.PaloAlto.Teleglobe.net [207.45.202.33]

13 656 ms 677 ms 700 ms ix-5-0.core1.PaloAlto.Teleglobe.net [207.45.196.90]

14 667 ms 673 ms 673 ms ge-1-3-0.msr1.pao.yahoo.com [216.115.100.150]

15 653 ms 673 ms 673 ms vl20.bas1.snv.yahoo.com [216.115.100.225]

16 666 ms 676 ms 674 ms yahoo.com [216.115.108.243]

Trace complete.



Note: Here I have traced yahoo.com. In place of yahoo.com you can give the IP of yahoo or any other IP you want to trace, the result will be the same.



Now carefully looking at the results you can figure out many information about yahoo’s server [216.115.108.243]

First packets of data leave my ISP which is at 203.94.246.35 .Similarly you can find out the different routers through which the packets of data are send and received to and from the target system. Now take a look at the 13th line you’ll see that the router is in PaloAlto.Teleglobe.net from this you can easily figure out that the router is in Palo Alto. Now finally look at the target system ie. Yahoo’s server vl20.bas1.snv.yahoo.com . Now you got the address of yahoo’s server. Now put this address in any IP lookup programe and perform and reverse DNS lookup and you will get most of the info about this address,like the place where it is in.

Well another thing you can find out using the tracert tool is that the number of hops (routers) the target system is away from you. In case of tracerouting yahoo.com we find that the target system ie yahoo’s server is 16 hops away from my system. This indicates that there are 16 routers between my system and yahoo’s server.



Apart from tracing an IP you can find out many usefull details about the target system using the tracert tool.



Firewall Detection



While tracerouting a target system, if you get * as an output then it indicates timeout error. Now if you peform another tracerout to the same taeget system at some other time with a good connection and in this way few times more and if you always get * as the output then take it for sure that the target system is running a firewall which prevents sending of data packets from the target system.



Example



Some days ago I tried to tracert hotmail’s server in plain and simple way using tracert without any trick.This is what I found out :




c:\windows>tracert 64.4.53.7



Tracing route to lc2.law5.hotmail.com [64.4.53.7]


over a maximum of 30 hops:






1 * * * Request timed out.

2 161 ms 147 ms 85 ms 203.90.69.81

3 126 ms 261 ms 219 ms 203.90.66.9

4 121 ms 115 ms 228 ms delswp2.hclinfinet.com [203.90.66.133]

5 727 ms 725 ms 711 ms 203-195-147-250.now-india.net.in [203.195.147.250]

6 1006 ms 794 ms 952 ms core-fae-0-0.now-india.net.in [203.195.147.3]

7 826 ms 731 ms 819 ms 213.232.106.9

8 885 ms 744 ms 930 ms 213.166.3.209

9 851 ms 1020 ms 1080 ms 213.232.64.54

10 1448 ms 765 ms 1114 ms pos8-0.core2.London1.Level3.net [212.113.0.118]

11 748 ms 789 ms 750 ms ge-4-2-1.mp2.London1.Level3.net [212.187.131.146]

12 719 ms 733 ms 846 ms so-3-0-0.mp1.London2.Level3.net [212.187.128.46]

13 775 ms 890 ms 829 ms so-1-0-0.mp2.Weehawken1.Level3.net [212.187.128.138]

14 853 ms 852 ms 823 ms so-3-0-0.mp1.SanJose1.Level3.net [64.159.1.129]

15 889 ms 816 ms 803 ms so-7-0-0.gar1.SanJose1.Level3.net [64.159.1.74]

16 * * * Request timed out.

17 * * * Request timed out.

18 * * * Request timed out.

19 * * * Request timed out.

20 * * * Request timed out.

21 * * * Request timed out.

22 * * * Request timed out.

23 * * * Request timed out.

24 * * * Request timed out.

25 * * * Request timed out.

26 * * * Request timed out.

27 * * * Request timed out.

28 * * * Request timed out.

29 * * * Request timed out.

30 * * * Request timed out.

Trace complete.


I performed the same tracert many times a day but concluded with the same result. This indicates that the systems after the router SanJose1.Level3.net has firewalls installed which prevents the outgoing of data packets.



Detecting Traceroute Attempts on your System



You can detect that an attacker is performing a traceroute on your system, if you see the following symptoms:



1. If you observe port scans on very high UDP ports. This symptom means that the attacker has performed a traceroute on your system. However, it could also mean a simply port scan. Either way, it signifies the fact that your system is being scanned.



2. If the packet-monitoring tool installed in your network, picks up several outgoing TTL-exceeding messages, then it is yet another sign that someone is doing a traceroute on your system.



3. If in these log files, you also observer an outgoing ICMP port unreachable error message, then it means that since a traceroute was done on your system and as the target system i.e. your system, was reached, it responded with this error message.



You can also find our more information on the attacker (if he performs a traceroute on your system) by simply studying the sniffer log files. If you observer the TTL values, then we can easily figure out the following information on the attacker by making use of OS detection techniques discussed earlier in this white paper:


The Operating System running on the attacker’s target system.
Number of hops away, the attacker is from you.



OKI DOKI that’s all for this article. Hope you will find this article very easy to understand and implement.


contribution : abhishek
http://hackersclub.focusindia.com
Ip Address Hack Contd


Changing your MAC on Windows XP

There are two ways two change your IP on Windows. The easy way, and the hard way. Ill discuss how to do both of them in this tutorial.

Easy Way:

The first way to change it is, if your NIC (Network Interface Card) supports cloning your MAC Address. If this is the case then you go to.

Start > Control Panel > Network Connections

Right Click on your NIC card and goto properties. Then click the button labeled Configure. It should bring up another form. Click on the advanced tab. You should see under Property "Locally Administered Address" or "Network Address". Click the radio button next to the text box, and type in your new MAC address. (note you do not use the "-" when you enter your no MAC Address.

To check and see if it worked or not go to

Start > Run > and type in "cmd"

When the terminal comes up issue the command.

ipconfig /all
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Hard Way:

To change your MAC Address the hard way, you first go to

Start > Run > and type in "cmd"

Once the terminal comes up type in

"net config rdr"

It should bring up alot of things, but what you are worried about is

NetBT_Tcpip_{ The Numbers Between here}

Copy the numbers in between there and write it down somewhere, seeing that you will need them later.

After you are done with that go to

Start > Run > and type in "regedt32"

That should bring up the windows registry. Once the registry is up go to

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Class\{4D36E972-E325-11CE-BFC1-08002BE10318}

Click on the drop down menu and you should see the sub-categories

0000
0001
0002
and so on.

Click on each one and compare the "NetCfgInstanceId" Key with the number you wrote down earlier. Once you find a match double click on the key "NetworkAddress" and change the value to your new MAC address. Hit ok and reboot your system.




There r several ways u can determine ur IP address information:

IPCONFIG

Start / Run / cmd
IPCONFIG /ALL
This opens a command window. One advantage is that u can send the information to a text file (IPCONFIG /ALL > c:\ip.txt)
But sometimes the window shows show much information u need to scroll around to fine it.

VIEW STATUS

Control Panel / Network Connections / Double click the icons 4 ur network (If the network has an icon in the system tray u can also just double click on that icon)
Click on the Support tab
Click on the Details button
:::::::::::::
Make Pictures Smaller Unavailable

When u try nd send pictures through e-mail, u should normally be given the option to make them smaller.
If this option is not available, a DLL file may need to be registered.

Start
Run
regsvr32 shimgvw.dll
:::::::::::::
Creating a Suspend Shortcut

If u would like to create an icon to suspend ur computer,

Right click on the Desktop
New / Shortcut
Enter in rundll32.exe PowrProf.dll, SetSuspendState
Give it whatever name u want
Now when u click on that shortcut, ur computer will shutdown nd suspend
Submitted by Gabe
:::::::::::::
Changing the User Type

Normally in XP Pro, through the Control Panel / User Accounts icon, u r only allowed to create administrators or limited users.
If u want to create

Right click on My Computer
Manage
Local Users nd Groups
Users
Right click on the user u want to change
Properties
Member of tab
Add button
Advanced button
Find Now button
From here u see the full list of possibilities (e.g. Power User, Backup Operator etc.)
:::::::::::::


some more
Determining Which Services r Associated with SVCHOST

Since so many critical services r run with each svchost,
You can see which ones r being used by opening a cmd prompt nd running:

tasklist /svc /fi "imagename eq svchost.exe"

Note: This is available only with XP Pro
:::::::::::::
Identify Faulty Device Drivers

If u r having problems with lockups, blue screens, or can only get to safe mode,
often the problem is due to a faulty device driver.

One way to help identify them is through the use of the Verfier program

Start / Run / Verifier
Keep the default of Create Standard Settings
Select the type of drivers u want to confirm
A list of drivers to be verified on the next boot will be shown.
Reboot
If ur computer stops with a blue screen, u should get an error message with the problem driver
To turn off the Verifier, run verifier /reset
:::::::::::::
Viewing Installed Drivers

If u want to see a list of installed drivers, u can run the driverquery program
There r a lot of available switches to view different types of information.
On use can be to export to a CSV file 4 viewing in Excel
An example would then be:

Driverquery /v /fo csv > drivers.csv

Anonymizers and Remailers !! What n How

Anonymizers and Remailers !! What n How


Anonymizers are online services that eliminate the trail of information that you leave behind, whilst surfing, so that your online activities cannot be traced back to you. The anonymizers vary in sophistication depending on the level of security and number of features that you require. Some anonymizers require the use of client software and others only require that you log onto their website before browsing other sites*.


How do Anonymizers work?


You essentially surf the Web through the anonymizer site, going to that site first and then routing all your pages from there. When you send a page request through the anonymizer, it acts like a super-proxy server, stripping off the header of each data packet, thus making your request anonymous. The requested page is then fed through the anonymizer back to your Web browser**.



In order to avoid being tracked, one can use an anonymous proxy to surf the web. An anonymous proxy makes sure your IP address does not get stored on the web server logs. Web servers log every ?GET? request made, together with date, hour, and IP. But if you are accessing the Internet through a proxy server, then the IP of the proxy is logged and not yours.
In case you do not go through an anonymous proxy, then you are actually risking vital information that belongs to you. For example, a hacker can easily find out your IP Address, your web browser, your Operating System and even the previous URL that you have visited. You can also be easily located geographically (provided one has the necessary software tools) because people can find out a whole lot of things that give your location. Like your hostname, your continent, your country, your city and even your Internet Service Provider.
Consider the scenario where a hacker gets access to your computer, he can find out your name, email address, telephone number, various user ID's and passwords, details about software you use and your preferences, locations of files and folders, the search strings that you used and literally hundreds of other personal things. All this information is stored in files like SYSTEM.ini, USER.dat, SYSTEM.dat etc. One very important file is the nsform??.TMP which stores all the data inside every Netscape form you've ever submitted, with and without SSL, when the submission failed or was cancelled.


What are Re-mailers?


Anonymous Re-mailers are services used to send e-mail messages, so that the recipient of the e-mail cannot determine the identity of the sender. Re-mailers strip off header information leading to the identity of the sender and often route a message through a chain of re-mailers before reaching the recipient. Many re-mailers also include some sort of message based encryption. Re-mailers are commonly used to protect the anonymity if the sender from the recipient, to prevent eavesdropping by a third party, or to post anonymously to newsgroups*.
How do Re-mailers Work?


An anonymous re-mailer is simply a computer connected to the Internet that forwards electronic mail or files to other addresses on the network. It also strips off the "header" part of the messages, which shows where they came from and who sent them. All the receiver can tell about a message's origin is that it passed through the re-mailer. Some re-mailers also allocate each sender an "anonymous ID", rather like a PO Box number, which it stores with the sender's address so that any replies reach them.***


All re-mailers are fairly effective at what they do and some even take an extra step and add encryption to all outgoing messages. In order to view header information sent via email messages in Outlook Express, select a message in your inbox, then select File | Properties | Details.
To view header information in m*c*s*t Outlook, right-click a message in your inbox and select Options; the header information is displayed in the Internet Headers area of the Message Options dialog box.

Anonymous re-mailers were invented by security experts interested to know whether it was possible to send a message on the Internet which could not be traced back to its source. As soon as the first ones were built, though, people found a more pragmatic use for them: to send messages to bulletin boards about subjects so sensitive that they did not want their names known.